1st Edition

Synthesis Green Metrics
Problems, Exercises, and Solutions

ISBN 9780367002251
Published January 11, 2019 by CRC Press
526 Pages 490 B/W Illustrations

USD $140.00

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Book Description

Green chemistry promotes improved syntheses as an intellectual endeavour that can have a great impact both on preserving and utilizing our planet’s finite resources and the quality of human life. This masterful accomplishment provides an evaluation of environmental impact metrics according to life cycle assessment analysis based on the Mackay compartment environmental model and Guinée environmental impact potentials formalism. Assumptions, limitations, and dealing with missing data are addressed. Best literature resources for finding key toxicological parameters are provided and applied to individual reactions as well as entire synthesis plans, in order to target molecules of interest.

Key Features:

  • Provides an evaluation of environmental impact metrics according to life cycle assessment analysis
  • Summarises safety-hazard metrics according to the same model as life cycle assessment including occupational exposure limits, risk phrases, flammability, and other physical parameters
  • The book will be useful in a range of chemistry courses, from undergraduate to advanced graduate courses, whether based in lectures, tutorials or laboratory experiments

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 Synthesis Plan Analysis

Chapter 3 Environmental Impact Metrics

Chapter 4 Safety-Hazard Impact Metrics

Chapter 5 Energy Metrics

Chapter 6 Algorithms

Chapter 7 Examples from the Chemical Industry

Appendix: Other Terminologies


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John Andraos earned a Ph.D. in 1992 from the University of Toronto in physical organic chemistry. He then did post-doctoral work at the University of Ottawa and at The University of Queensland studying kinetics of reactions in heterogeneous media and cumulene intermediates in low temperature matrices, respectively. Since his appointment as Lecturer and Course Director at York University (1999-2009) he has taught and developed courses in organic chemistry. In 2002 he launched the first industrial and "green" chemistry course in the history of the Department of Chemistry at York. His current research is broadly defined as reaction optimization and discovery. His undertaking of an ambitious project to construct a database of synthesis plans fully quantified by green metrics analysis for pharmaceuticals, important natural products, dyestuffs, agrichemicals, and molecules of theoretical interest culminated in the publication of "The Algebra of Organic Synthesis: green metrics, design strategy, route selection, and optimization" (CRC Press-Taylor & Francis, 2012). He also co-edited "Green Syntheses Volume 1" (CRC Press-Taylor & Francis, 2014) with Prof. Pietro Tundo (University of Venice) which is the first resource of reliable green chemistry experiments that have been checked for greenness claims by rigorous material efficiency metrics analysis.