1st Edition

Systemic Functional Linguistics

    2091 Pages
    by Routledge

    Systemic Functional Linguistics is a functional model of language inspired by the work of Saussure, Hjelmslev, Whorf, and Firth. SFL was developed by Michael Halliday and his colleagues in the 1960s and has grown into a widely studied and research field, with growing interest in China, Latin America, and North America.

    This new five-volume collection from Routledge focuses on the foundational papers underlying SFL theory and practice and illustrative papers that have inspired succeeding work.

    Volume I: Grammatics


    1. R. H. Robins, ‘In Defence of WP’, Transactions of the Philological Society, 1959, 58, 116–44.

    Scale and Category Grammar

    2. M. A. K. Halliday, ‘Categories of the Theory of Grammar’, Word, 1961, 17, 241–92.


    3. M. A. K. Halliday, ‘Syntax and the Consumer’, in C. I. J. M. Stuart (ed.), Report of the Fifteenth Annual (First International) Round Table Meeting on Linguistics and Language Study (Georgetown University Press, 1964), pp. 11–24.

    4. M. A. K. Halliday, ‘Some Notes on "Deep" Grammar’, Journal of Linguistics, 1966, 2, 1, 57–67.

    5. R. Huddleston, ‘Systemic Features and Their Realization’, in M. A. K. Halliday and J. R. Martin, Readings in Systemic Linguistics (Batsford, 1981), pp. 58–73.

    6. J. R. Martin, ‘The Meaning of Features in Systemic Linguistics’, in M. A. K. Halliday and R. P. Fawcett (eds.), New Developments in Systemic Linguistics, Vol. 1 (Frances Pinter, 1987), pp. 14–40.

    7. K. Davidse, ‘Agnates, Verb Classes and the Meaning of Construals: The Case of Ditransitivity in English’, Leuvense Bijdragen, 1998, 87, 3–4, 281–313.

    8. J. R. Martin and C. M. I. M. Matthiessen, ‘Systemic Typology and Topology’, in F. Christie (ed.), Literacy in Social Processes: Papers from the Inaugural Australian Systemic Functional Linguistics Conference. Deakin University, January 1990 (Centre for Studies of Language in Education, Northern Territory University, 1991), pp. 345–84.

    9. C. M. I. M. Matthiessen, ‘The Systemic Framework in Text Generation: Nigel’, in J. D. Benson and W. S. Greaves (eds.), Systemic Perspectives on Discourse: Selected Theoretical Papers from the 9th International Systemic Workshop (Ablex, 1985), pp. 96–118.


    10. M. A. K. Halliday, ‘Types of Structure’, in M. A. K. Halliday and J. R. Martin (eds.), Readings in Systemic Linguistics (Batsford, 1965), pp. 29–41.

    11. R. D. Huddleston, ‘Rank and Depth’, Language, 1965, 41, 4, 574–86.

    12. R. Hudson, ‘Constituency in a Systemic Description of the English Clause’, Lingua, 1967, 18, 225–50.


    13. M. A. K. Halliday, ‘Options and Functions in the English Clause’, Brno Studies in English, 1969, 8, 81–8.

    14. M. A. K. Halliday, ‘Modes of Meaning and Modes of Expression: Types of Grammatical Structure, and their Determination by Different Semantic Functions’, in D. J. Allerton, Edward Carney, and David Hollcroft (eds.), Function in Context in Linguistic Analysis: A Festschrift for William Haas (Cambridge University Press, 1979), pp. 57–79.

    15. J. R. Martin, ‘Functional Components in a Grammar: A Review of Deployable Recognition Criteria’, Nottingham Linguistic Circular, 1983, 13, 35–70.

    Grammar and Lexis

    16. R. Hasan, ‘The Grammarian’s Dream: Lexis as Most Delicate Grammar’, in M. A. K. Halliday and R. P. Fawcett (eds.), New Developments in Systemic Linguistics, Vol. 1 (Pinter, 1987), pp. 184–211.

    Probabilistic Systems

    17. M. A. K. Halliday and Z. L. James, ‘A Quantitative Study of Polarity and Primary Tense in the English Finite Clause’, in J. M. Sinclair, M. Hoey, and G. Fox (eds.), Techniques of Description: Spoken and Written Discourse: A Festschrift for Malcolm Coulthard (Routledge, 1993), pp. 32–66.

    Volume II: Grammatical Descriptions

    Meta/linguistic Diversity

    18. M. A. K. Halliday, ‘Systemic Grammar and the Concept of a "Science of Language"’, Waiguoyu, Journal of Foreign Languages, Shanghai International Studies University, 1992, 2, 78, 1–9.


    19. R. A. Hudson, ‘An "Item-and-Paradigm" Approach to Beja Syntax and Morphology’, Foundations of Language, 1973, 9, 504–48.

    20. A. Caffarel, ‘Interacting Between a Generalized Tense Semantics and Register-specific Semantic Tense Systems: A Bi-stratal Exploration of the Semantics of French Tense’, Language Sciences, 1992, 14, 4, 385–418.

    21. B. Quiroz, ‘Towards a Systemic Profile of the Spanish MOOD’, Linguistics and the Human Sciences, 2008, 4, 1, 31–65.

    22. Y. Fang, E. McDonald, and M. Cheng, ‘On Theme in Chinese: From Clause to Discourse’, in R. Hasan and P. Fries (eds.), On Subject and Theme: A Discourse Functional Perspective (John Benjamins, 1995), pp. 235–73.

    23. J. R. Martin, ‘Transitivity in Tagalog: A Functional Interpretation of Case’, in M. Berry, C. Butler, R. P. Fawcett, and G. Huang (eds.), Meaning and Form: Systemic Functional Interpretations (Ablex, 1996), pp. 229–96.

    24. J. R. Martin, ‘Logical Meaning, Interdependency and the Linking Particle {na/-ng} in Tagalog’, Functions of Language, 1995, 2, 2, 189–228.

    25. T. Johnston, ‘The Realization of the Linguistic Metafunctions in a Sign Language’, Language Sciences, 1992, 14, 4, 317–53.

    Language Typology

    26. C. M. I. M. Matthiessen, ‘Descriptive Motifs and Generalisations’, in A. Caffarel, J. R. Martin, and C. M. I. M. Matthiessen, Language Typology: A Functional Perspective (John Benjamins, 2004), pp. 537–663.

    Volume III: Around Grammar: Phonology, Discourse Semantics, and Multimodality


    27. R. H. Robins, ‘Aspects of Prosodic Analysis’, Proceedings of the Durham Philosophical Society, 1957, 1, 1–12.

    28. M. A. K. Halliday, ‘A Systemic Interpretation of Peking Syllable Finals’, in P. Tench, Studies in Systemic Phonology (Pinter, 1992), pp. 98–121.

    29. W. McGregor, ‘Towards a Systemic Account of Gooniyandi Segmental Phonology’, in P. Tench, Studies in Systemic Phonology (Pinter, 1992), pp. 19–43.

    30. M. A. K. Halliday, ‘The Tones of English’, Archivum Linguisticum, 1963, 15, 1, 1–28.

    Grammatical Metaphor

    31. M. A. K. Halliday, ‘Language as Code and Language as Behaviour: A Systemic-Functional Interpretation of the Nature and Ontogenesis of Dialogue’, in R. Fawcett, M. A. K. Halliday, S. Lamb, and A. Makkai (eds.), The Semiotics of Culture and Language, Vol. 1 (Pinter, 1984), pp. 3–35.

    32. M. A. K. Halliday, ‘Things and Relations: Regrammaticising Experience as Technical Knowledge’, in J. R. Martin and R. Veel (eds.), Reading Science: Critical and Functional Perspectives on Discourses of Science (Routledge, 1998), pp. 187–236.

    Grammar and Discourse

    33. P. Fries, ‘On the Status of Theme in English: Arguments from Discourse’, Forum Linguisticum, 1981, 6, 1, 1–38.

    34. R. Hasan, ‘Coherence and Cohesive Harmony’, in J. Flood (ed.), Understanding Reading Comprehension: Cognition, Language and the Structure of Prose (International Reading Association, 1984), pp. 181–219.

    Discourse Semantics

    35. M. Berry, ‘Towards Layers of Exchange Structure for Directive Exchanges’, Network, 1982, 2, 23–32.

    36. J. R. Martin, ‘Beyond Exchange: appraisal Systems in English’, in S. Hunston and G. Thompson (eds.), Evaluation in Text: Authorial Stance and the Construction of Discourse (Oxford University Press, 2000), pp. 142–75.

    Systemic Functional Semiotics

    37. J. Bateman, ‘Towards a grande paradigmatique of Film: Christian Metz Reloaded’, Semioticia, 2007, 167, 13–64.

    38. J. R. Martin, ‘Multimodal Semiotics: Theoretical Challenges’, in S. Dreyfus, S. Hood, and M. Stenglin, Semiotic Margins: Meaning in Multimodalities (Continuum, 2011), pp. 243–70.

    Volume IV: Context: Register and Genre


    39. J. R. Firth, ‘A Synopsis of Linguistic Theory, 1930–1955’, Studies in Linguistic Analysis: Special Volume of the Philological Society, 1957, 1–32.

    40. M. Gregory, ‘Aspects of Varieties Differentiation’, Journal of Linguistics, 1967, 3, 2, 177–98.

    41. J. Ellis and J. N. Ure, ‘Language Varieties: Register’, in A. R. Meetham and R. A. Hudson, Encyclopaedia of Linguistics, Information and Control (Pergamon, 1969), pp. 251–9.

    42. M. A. K. Halliday, ‘An Interpretation of the Functional Relationship Between Language and the Social Structure’, Language as Social Semiotic (Edward Arnold, 1978), pp. 183–92.

    43. C. M. I. M. Matthiessen, ‘Register in the Round: Diversity in a Unified Theory of Register Analysis’, in M. Ghadessy (ed.), Register Analysis: Theory and Practice (Pinter, 1993), pp. 221–92.


    44. T. F. Mitchell, ‘The Language of Buying and Selling in Cyrenaica: A Situational Statement’, Hespéris: Archives Berbères et Bulletin de l’Institut des Hautes-Études Marocaines, 1957, 31–71.

    45. R. Hasan, ‘On the Notion of Text’, in J. S. Petöfi (ed.), Text vs Sentence: Basic Questions of Textlinguistics (Helmet Buske, 1979), pp. 369–90.

    46. J. R. Martin, ‘Modelling Context: A Crooked Path of Progress in Contextual Linguistics’, in M. Ghadassy, Text and Context in Functional Linguistics (John Benjamins, 1999), pp. 25–61.

    47. J. R. Martin, ‘Macro-genres: The Ecology of the Page’, Genre Studies: Volume 3 in the Collected Works of J. R. Martin, ed. Wang Zhenhua (Shanghai Jiaotong University Press, 1994), pp. 78–126.

    Users in Uses of Language

    48. J. R. Martin, ‘The Development of Register’, in R. O. Freedle and J. Fine (eds.), Developmental Issues in Discourse (Ablex, 1983), pp. 1–39.

    49. R. Hasan, ‘Semantic Variation and Sociolinguistics’, Australian Journal of Linguistics, 1989, 9, 2, 221–75.

    50. J. R. Martin, ‘Semantic Variation: Modelling Realisation, Instantiation and Individuation in Social Semiosis’, in M. Bednarek and J. R. Martin (eds.), New Discourse on Language: Functional Perspectives on Multimodality, Identity and Affiliation (Continuum, 2010), pp. 1–34.

    Volume V: Language in Education

    Language-Based Theory of Learning

    51. M. A. K. Halliday, ‘Towards a Language-Based Theory of Learning’, Linguistics and Education, 1993, 5, 93–116.

    52. J. Pearce, G. Thornton, and D. Mackay, ‘The Programme in Linguistics and English Teaching, University College London, 1964–1971’, in R. Hasan and J. R. Martin, Language Development: Learning Language, Learning Culture (Ablex, 1989), pp. 329–68.

    53. R. Veel, ‘The Write it Right Project: Linguistic Modelling of Secondary School and the Workplace’, in R. Whittaker, M. O’Donnell, and A. McCabe (eds.), Language and Literacy: Functional Approaches (Continuum, 2006), pp. 66–92.

    Learning Language

    54. C. Painter, ‘Learning Language: A Functional View of Language Development’, in R. Hasan and J. R. Martin, Language Development: Learning Language, Learning Culture (Ablex, 1989), pp. 18–65.

    55. C. Painter, ‘The Role of Interaction in Learning to Speak and Learning to Write’, Applied Linguistics Association Occasional Papers, 1986, 9, 62–97.

    Learning About Language

    56. J. Rothery, ‘Learning about Language’, in R. Hasan and J. R. Martin, Language Development: Learning Language, Learning Culture (Ablex, 1989), pp. 199–256.

    57. G. Williams, ‘Ontogenesis and Grammatics: Functions of Metalanguage in Pedagogical Discourse’, in G. Williams and A. Lukin (eds.), The Development of Language: Functional Perspectives on Species and Individuals (Continuum, 2004), pp. 241–67.

    Learning Through Language

    58. B. Gray, ‘How Natural is "Natural" Language Teaching: Employing Wholistic Methodology in the Classroom’, Australian Journal of Early Childhood, 1987, 12, 4, 3–19.

    59. J. R. Martin, ‘Mentoring Semogenesis: "Genre-based" Literacy Pedagogy, in F. Christie (ed.), Pedagogy and the Shaping of Consciousness: Linguistic and Social Processes (Cassell, 1999), pp. 124–55.

    60. G. Williams, ‘Literacy Pedagogy Prior to Schooling: Relations Between Social Positioning and Semantic Variation’, in A. Morais, B. Davies, and H. Daniels (eds.), Towards a Sociology of Pedagogy: The Contribution of Basil Bernstein to Research (Peter Lang, 2001), pp. 18–45.

    61. F. Christie, ‘Curriculum Macrogenres as Forms of Initiation into a Culture’, in F. Christie and J. R. Martin (eds.), Genres and Institutions: Social Process in the Workplace and School (1997), pp. 134–60.

    62. D. Rose, ‘Towards a Reading Based Theory of Teaching’, in L. Barbara and T. B. Sardiha (eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd International Systemic Functional Congress (PUCSP, São Paulo, Brazil) (2006), pp. 36–77.