Development schemes are common throughout the third world. Many fail, but the reasons for failure or success are only too often not adequately studied. In this monograph two schemes started in Basutoland - now Lesotho - are intensively analysed and compared: the first, which was abandoned in 1961, primarily by means of documentary material; the second, which was and still is successful in at least part of the area, mainly through observation and field research. The analysis reveals the factors making for success or failure, particularly in the fields of politics, economics, and communication. The relevance of the study extends beyond Lesotho and even Africa, the analysis dealing with problems common to introduced social change and development in any part of the world.
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION I Problem, I; Basutoland, 4 POLITICAL STRUCTURE 9 Prologue, 9; Colonial Administration, II; Chieftainship, 15; Representative Government, 26; the Political Structure seen from the Village, 32 VILLAGE ECONOMY 39 Setting and People, 39; Time, Tasks and Production, 46; Consumption, Money and Possessions, 61 TAUNG RECLAMATION SCHEME 1956-61 76 Soil Conservation, 76; Taung, 79; BaTaung, 80; Initiative for the Scheme, 81; Plans and Assumptions, 81; Action and Reaction, 83 Factors of Failure: A. Machinery of the Scheme, 83; Politics, 94; C. Specific Objections of the People, 103 'FARMECH' MECHANIZATION SCHEME (from 1961) 115 Background to mechanized farming in Basutoland, 115; Mafeteng, 117; Basuto ba Mafeteng, 117; Initiative for the Scheme, 118; Plans and Assumptions, 119; Action and :action, 121 Factors of Failure: A. Machinery of the Scheme, 123; B. Politics, 13 I; C. Specific Objections of the People, 135 Beginnings of Success: A. Administration, 141; Management, 143; C. Prognosis, 151 IMPLICATIONS 153 APPENDIX: ADMINISTRATION OF COLONIAL FUNDS 165 L1ST OF WORKS CITED 171 INDEX 173
Dr Wallman is Associate Professor of Anthropology in the University of Toronto.