Tall Building Design : Steel, Concrete, and Composite Systems book cover
1st Edition

Tall Building Design
Steel, Concrete, and Composite Systems

ISBN 9781466556201
Published July 14, 2016 by CRC Press
872 Pages 794 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Addresses the Question Frequently Proposed to the Designer by Architects: "Can We Do This?

Offering guidance on how to use code-based procedures while at the same time providing an understanding of why provisions are necessary, Tall Building Design: Steel, Concrete, and Composite Systems methodically explores the structural behavior of steel, concrete, and composite members and systems. This text establishes the notion that design is a creative process, and not just an execution of framing proposals. It cultivates imaginative approaches by presenting examples specifically related to essential building codes and standards. Tying together precision and accuracy—it also bridges the gap between two design approaches—one based on initiative skill and the other based on computer skill.

The book explains loads and load combinations typically used in building design, explores methods for determining design wind loads using the provisions of ASCE 7-10, and examines wind tunnel procedures. It defines conceptual seismic design, as the avoidance or minimization of problems created by the effects of seismic excitation. It introduces the concept of performance-based design (PBD). It also addresses serviceability considerations, prediction of tall building motions, damping devices, seismic isolation, blast-resistant design, and progressive collapse. The final chapters explain gravity and lateral systems for steel, concrete, and composite buildings.

The Book Also Considers:

  • Preliminary analysis and design techniques
  • The structural rehabilitation of seismically vulnerable steel and concrete buildings
  • Design differences between code-sponsored approaches
  • The concept of ductility trade-off for strength

Tall Building Design: Steel, Concrete, and Composite Systems is a structural design guide and reference for practicing engineers and educators, as well as recent graduates entering the structural engineering profession. This text examines all major concrete, steel, and composite building systems, and uses the most up-to-date building codes.

Table of Contents

Loads on Building Structures


Dead Loads

Occupancy Loads on Buildings

Snow Loads on Buildings

Dead Loads

Live Loads

Construction Loads

Lateral Soil Load

Snow, Rain, and Ice Loads

Thermal and Settlement Loads

Self-Straining Forces

Dynamic Loads

Abnormal Loads

Classification of Buildings, Risk Categories, and Importance Factors

Wind Loads


Description of Wind Forces

Types of Wind Storms

Wind/Building Interactions

Behavior of Tall Buildings Subjected to Wind

Scope, Effectiveness, and Limitations of Building Codes

ASCE 7-10 Wind Load Provisions, Overview

Earthquake Effects on Buildings


Inertial Forces and Acceleration

Duration, Velocity, and Displacement

Acceleration Amplification due to Soft Soil

Natural Periods

Building Resonance

Site Response Spectrum



Earthquakes and Other Geologic Hazards

Earthquake Measurements

Determination of Local Earthquake Hazards

Nonstructural Components

Seismic Analysis Procedures

System Selection

Seismic Issues due to Configuration Irregularities

Structural Dynamic

Response Spectrum Method

Seismic Design Considerations

Lessons from Past Earthquakes

Seismic Design Wrap-Up

Dynamic Analysis, Theory

Anatomy of Computer Response Spectrum Analyses

Wind Design with Particular Reference to ASCE 7-10


Directional Procedure (Analytical Procedure): Overview

Significant Changes in the ASCE - Wind Load Provisions

ASCE 7-10 Wind Provisions Update: Summary

Overview of ASCE 7-10, Chapter 26

Discussion of ASCE 7-10, Chapter 26

Discussion of ASCE 7-10, Chapter 27

Discussion of ASCE 7-10, Chapter 28 (Envelope Procedure for MWFRS of Low-Rise Buildings)

Discussion of ASCE 7-10, Chapter 29 (Wind Loads on Buildings Appurtenances and Other Structures)

Discussion of ASCE 7-10, Chapter 30 (Wind Loads on Components and Cladding)

Wind Tunnel Procedure

Human Response to Wind-Induced Building Motions

Building Periods

Pedestrian Wind Studies

Seismic Design with Particular Reference to ASCE 7-10 Seismic Provisions


ASCE 7-10, Chapter 11, Seismic Design Criteria

ASCE 7-10, Chapter 12, Seismic Design Requirements for Building


Performance-Based Design


Definitions of Performance-Based Design

Prescriptive Approach to Codes

Performance-Based Approach

Improving Performance to Reduce Seismic Risk

Design and Performance Issues Relating to Commercial Office Buildings

Current Specifications for Performance-Based Seismic Design

Closing Comments

Preliminary Calculations to Ensure Validity of Computer Analysis


Characterizing Structural Behavior

Advantages and Disadvantages of Indeterminate Structures

Preliminary Design: Concrete

Estimation of Preliminary Wind Loads, ASCE 7-10

Preliminary Seismic Base Shear, V, as a Percent of Building’s Seismic Weight, W

Differential Shortening of Steel Columns

Guidance for Preparing Conceptual Estimates

Concept of Premium for Height

Seismic Evaluation and Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings


Code-Sponsored Design

Alternate Design Philosophy

Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings ASCE/SEI Standard 41-06

Common Deficiencies and Upgrade Methods: Concrete Building

Concluding Remarks

Seismic Strengthening Details

Special Topics


Serviceability Considerations

Damping Devices for Reducing Motion Perception

Seismic Isolation

Passive Energy Dissipation

Blast-Resistant Design

Failures and Distresses

Buckling of Building under Its Own Weight


Evolution of High-Rise Architecture

Posttension Strengthening of Existing Structures

Reinforced Concrete Special Moment Frames



Concept of Warping Behavior

Sectorial Coordinate ω′

Shear Center

Evaluation of Produce Integrals

Principal Sectorial Coordinate ωs Diagram

Calculation of Sectorial Properties: Worked Example

General Theory of Warping Torsion

Torsion Analysis of Shear Wall Building: Worked Example

Warping Torsion Constants for Open Sections

Stiffness Method Using Warping-Column Model

Seismic Design: A Pictorial Review


Figures and Tables Explaining the Fundamentals of Seismic Design

Steel Buildings: Bolted and Welded Connections, Gravity, and Lateral Load-Resisting Systems and Details


General Considerations for Welds

Methods of Welding Inspection

Bearing versus Slip-Critical Connections

Field Tolerances

Brittle Fracture

ASTM Specifications for Structural Shapes, Plates and Bars, and Fasteners

Thermal Effects on Structural Steel

Bolted Connections

Bolts Subjected to Shear and Tension

Tables and Figures Describing Gravity and Lateral Load-Resisting Systems

Typical Details

Reinforced Concrete Buildings: Structural System and Details


Characteristics of Reinforced Concrete

Formwork Considerations

Floor Systems

Prestressed Concrete


Lateral Load Resisting System

Structural Systems

Composite Buildings: Structural System and Details


Composite Metal Deck

Specifications for Metal Deck: Overview

ANSI/SDI (C1.0 Standard for Composite Floor Deck): A Brief


Composite Beams

Composite Joists and Trusses

Other Types of Composite Floor Construction

Continuous Composite Beams

Nonprismatic Composite Beams and Girders

Moment-Connected Composite Haunch Girders

Composite Columns

Design Tables and Details



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Dr. Bungale S. Taranath, PhD, PE, SE, had extensive experience in the design of concrete, steel, and composite tall buildings. He was a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers and the Concrete Institute, as well as a registered structural and professional engineer in several states. The author of a number of published papers on torsion analysis and multistory construction projects, Dr. Taranath published five books, three of which were translated into Chinese and Korean and are widely referenced throughout Asia. He also conducted seminars on tall building design in the United States, China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Mexico, India, and England.


"This book is an outstanding, comprehensive resource for all aspects of tall building design. I particularly appreciate the marriage of theory and practicality by having the foundation be a conceptual understanding that is then reinforced by code-based applications. This fact is what makes great engineers. Although it is a substantial text, it is not intimidating and is easily approached by new and advanced students. It is a text that students will want in their library as they move into their design careers."
—David Naish, Assistant Professor, California State University Fullerton, USA

"… one of the most comprehensive books covering structural design of high-rise buildings. Examples from the writer’s rich experiences are beneficial for young structural engineers."
—Sang Dae Kim, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea

"Not only do I want to have it on the shelf, but also use it as a required textbook for my graduate course and technical electives. Dr. Taranath clearly demonstrates superior knowledge of building codes especially as it relates to wind engineering and earthquake engineering."
—Dr. Hany J. Farran, professor of structural engineering, Cal Poly Pomona, California, USA