1st Edition

Taxi, Limousine, and Transport Network Company Regulation Recurring Challenges

    184 Pages 24 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    184 Pages 24 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The vehicle for hire (VFH) market – broadly comprising taxis, limousines, and app-based transport – has faced multiple and significant changes over the years, with the period since 2010 a time of major upheaval. This book documents the development of the market over time, examining its regulation and control structures, exploring its history, trends, and market theories, and discussing how these are both promoted and challenged by the changes affecting the sector.

    This book reviews recent developments in the VFH industry, from the influx of new market entrants and the emergence of app-based services to their widespread use, comparing international markets and their regulation, and draws on a series of case studies in key locations in North America, Europe, and Asia. It establishes and details economic, market, social, and political theory affecting the VFH industry and devotes its second half to the definition and emergence of transport typologies and markets in which the sector has a role (or potential role). The book concludes, from a neutral standpoint, on the balance between market participants, addressing the immediate future facing the industry, including the impacts of Covid and other external factors. It considers the short- and long-term effects of market change, the role played by regulators, and the market conditions imposed upon them.

    Written for industry practitioners – both suppliers and regulators – as well as the academic community, this book will inform the community and prompt further analysis of a significant and growing field in transportation.




    Chapter 1: Defining the Taxi and For Hire Industry

    Chapter 2: The Current Market

    Chapter 3: Taxis in Culture

    Chapter 4: Socio-Economic and Political Theories

    Chapter 5: Industry Structure

    Chapter 6: Societal Change, Public and Passenger Perspectives

    Chapter 7: Taxi Company and Driver Perspectives

    Chapter 8: Regulator Perspectives

    Chapter 9: Perspectives of Transportation Network Companies

    Chapter 10: Future Planning, Regulation, and Rebirth

    Chapter 11: Review and Conclusions, the Taxi as an Intuitive and Recurring Mode




    Dr. James M. Cooper is Director at Transport Research Partners and Project Manager for the Tayside and Central Scotland Regional Transport Partnership (Tactran), UK.

    Jørgen Aarhaug is Senior Research Economist at the Institute of Transport Economics (TØI), Oslo, Norway.

    John Scott is Operations Director (retired) in the Department of For Hire Vehicles, Government of the District of Columbia.

    Wim Faber is Managing Director of Challans and Faber.