Teaching & Researching: Computer-Assisted Language Learning  book cover
2nd Edition

Teaching & Researching: Computer-Assisted Language Learning

ISBN 9781408205006
Published June 9, 2010 by Routledge
304 Pages

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Book Description


Computers play a crucial and rapidly evolving role in education, particularly in the area of language learning. Far from being a tool mimicking a textbook or teacher, Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) has the power to transform language learning through the pioneering application of innovative research and practices.


Technological innovation creates opportunities to revisit old ideas, conduct new research and challenge established beliefs, meaning that the field is constantly undergoing change. This fully revised second edition brings teachers and researchers up-to-date by offering:

  • A comprehensive overview of CALL and current research issues
  • Step-by-step instructions on conducting research projects in CALL
  • Extensive resources in the form of contacts, websites and free software references
  • A glossary of terms related to CALL

Closely linked to other branches of study such as autonomy in language learning and computer science, CALL is at the cutting edge of current research directions. This book is essential reading for all teachers and researchers interested in using CALL to make language learning a richer, more productive and more enjoyable task.


Ken Beatty has taught at colleges and universities in Canada, Asia and the Middle East. His publications include more than 100 textbooks for learning English as a Second Language, as well as various websites, CD-ROMs and educational videos.


Table of Contents


General Editors’ Preface  



Section I   Key concepts

1 The emergence of CALL

1.1   A broad discipline

1.2   Technology driving CALL

1.3   The changing focus of research in CALL  


2 A brief history of CALL   

2.1   CALL in the 1950s and 1960s

2.2   Simulations  

2.3   CALL in the 1970s and 1980s

2.4   CALL in the 1990s  

2.5   CALL in the 21st Century


3 Hypertext, hypermedia and multimedia

3.1   Hypertext   

3.2   Hypermedia   

3.3   Multimedia  

3.4   Antecedents of multimedia   

3.5   Science fiction and CALL

3.6   The printed book and CALL   

3.7   Applications to general learning 

3.8   Applications of multimedia to language learning  


4 Eight CALL applications   

4.1   Word processing  

4.2   Games 

4.3   Literature

4.4   Corpus linguistics  

4.5   Computer-mediated communication  

4.6   WWW resources

4.7   Adapting other materials for CALL  

4.8   Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) and Mobile Telephones   


Section II The place of CALL in research and teaching   

5 Second-language Acquisition and models of instruction

5.1   Concepts in SLA, behaviourism and constructivism

5.2   Comprehensible input and output

5.3   Behaviourist  models of instruction

5.4   Constructivism   


6 Collaboration and negotiation of meaning

6.1   The place of collaboration in CALL  

6.2   Structuring collaboration

6.3   Differences between collaboration and other terms

6.4   The range of collaboration and CALL  

6.5   Collaboration at the computer  

6.6   Benefits of collaborative learning at the computer   

6.7   Collaboration, CALL and SLA  

6.8   Collaboration at the computer as evidenced by discourse 

6.9   Challenges to collaboration   

6.10    Challenges to collaboration in a CALL context

6.11    Discourse that evidences challenges to collaboration  


7 Defining a model of CALL  

7.1   Defining a model  

7.2   The need for a CALL model   

7.3   A model of current non-CALL language learning   

7.4   Dunkin and Biddle’s model in a CALL context

7.5   Various views of CALL   

7.6   Teacher and pupil classroom behavior: activities used in CALL

7.7   A virtual classroom  

7.8   Aspects of a CALL model   


8   Theoretical and pedagogical concerns  

8.1   Concerns for software development

8.2   Pedagogical concerns for classroom practice   

8.3 &uating software

8.4   Learning and working styles

8.5   Evolving technology

8.6   Commercial software

8.7   Making better use of existing materials  

8.8   Copyright and plagiarism   

8.9   Viruses

8.10    Safety online  

8.11    Technological have-nots


Section III    Researching CALL

9 Current research interests

9.1   A new field: reporting CALL research

9.2   Approaches to research in CALL  

9.3   The computer as a tool of research   

9.4   The role of commercial publishers

9.5   Reviewing current studies: a survey  

9.6   Conducting research   

9.7   Action research


10    Research

10.1    Research context 1: The literature review  

10.2    Research context 2: A pilot study  

10.3    Research context 3: Corpus linguistics

10.4    Research context 4: Error analysis

10.5    Research context 5: The experiment

10.6    Research context 6: A case study  

10.7    Research context 7: The survey

10.8    Research context 8: The ethnographic approach 


Section IV   Resources   

Glossary of key terms




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Ken Beatty has taught at colleges and universities in Canada, Asia and the Middle East. His publications include more than 100 textbooks for learning English as a Second Language, as well as various websites, CD-ROMs and educational videos.