Incorporating case studies of technological change in six Latin American countries, this book presents the results of a large cooperative research project (PROTAAL) that has led to a new interpretation of the process of technical change in agricultural development. The contributors contrast the perspective emerging from PROTAAL with two other views of technical change in agriculture: the theory of induced innovation and the political economy approach. They then describe the methodology developed by PROTAAL, which is highlighted in their analysis of the case studies. In the concluding chapters, the authors address important issues concerning the organization of agricultural research activities at the national and international levels and consider theoretical and policy implications for the analysis of technical change in Latin American agriculture.
Table of Contents
Westview Replica Editions -- Preface -- Technological Perspectives -- An Induced Innovation Interpretation of Technical Change in Agriculture in Developed Countries -- Aspects of the Political Economy of Technical Change in Developed Economies -- Technical Change in Latin American Agriculture: A Conceptual Framework for its Interpretation -- A Latin American Perspective: Some Empirical Evidence -- Social Relations of Production, Conflict and Technical Change: The Case of Sugar Production in Colombia -- Agriculture in the Argentine Pampas: Technology Adoption in Corn Cultivation from 1950 to 1978 -- Technology as a Social Issue: Agricultural Research Organization in Latin America -- Social Articulation and Technical Change -- Agricultural Research Organization in Latin America: Issues for the Future -- Foundations of a Science and Technology Policy for Latin American Agriculture -- International Technology: The International Agricultural Research Centers -- Legal Systems and Private Sector Incentives for the Invention of Agricultural Technology in Latin America -- Appendix 1 -- Conclusions: Towards an Interpretation of Technical Change in Latin American Agriculture
Martín Piñeiro, formerly coordinator of the Cooperative Research Project on Agricultural Technology in Latin America (PROTAAL) at the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), is a researcher at the Centro de Investigaciones Sociales sobre el Estado y la Administración in Argentina. Eduardo Trigo is co-coordinator of PROTAAL and coordinator of the Institutional Task Force on Technology Transfer and Adoption at IICA.