'Imagine the pride of earning the Nobel Prize for warning that CFCs were destroying the ozone layer. Then imagine that citizens, policymakers, and business executives heeded the warning and transformed markets to protect the earth. This book is the story of why we can all be optimistic about the future if we are willing to be brave and dedicated world citizens.' MARIO MOLINA, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry and Professor, University of California This book tells how the Montreal Protocol, the most successful global environmental agreement so far, stimulated the development and worldwide transfer of technologies to protect the ozone layer.Technology transfer is the crux of the 230 international environmental treaties and is essential to fighting climate change. While debate rages about obstacles to technology transfer, until now there has been no comprehensive assessment of what actually works to remove the obstacles. The authors, leaders in the field, assess over 1000 technology transfer projects funded under the Montreal Protocol‘s Multilateral Fund and the Global Environment Facility, and identify lessons that can be applied to technology transfer for climate change.
Table of Contents
Foreword by Monique Barbut * Preface by Achim Steiner * Introduction by Marco Gonzalez * Prologue * Contours of Technology Transfer * Background of the Ozone and Climate Agreements * Technology Change in Developed Countries * Military and Space Agency Leadership to Protect the Ozone Layer * Technology Transfer to Phase Out ODSs in Foams * Technology Transfer to Phase Out ODSs in Refrigeration and Air-conditioning * Technology Transfer to Phase Out ODSs in Aerosol Products * Technology Transfer to Phase Out ODSs in Fire Protection * Technology Transfer to Phase Out ODSs in Solvents * Technology Transfer to Phase Out ODSs in Pest Control * Barriers to Technology Transfer Faced by CEITs and Developing Countries * Awareness and Capacity-building * Lessons * Appendices, Index
Stephen O. Andersen is Director of Strategic Climate Projects, US Environmental Protection Agency. K. Madhava Sarma is a consultant on ozone issues and was formerly Executive Secretary, Secretariat for the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol, United Nations Environment Programme. Kristen N. Taddonio is Manager of Strategic Climate Projects at the US Environmental Protection Agency.