This edited volume examines the issue of the proliferation of dual-use technology and the efforts of the international community to control these technologies.
Efforts to stop the spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) increasingly focus on preventing the proliferation and misuse of dual-use technologies: information, materials and equipment that can be easily applied for peaceful and hostile purposes. The threat of terrorist attacks with nuclear, biological or chemical weapons, in particular, makes it necessary to develop a sustainable non-proliferation policy that effectively hinders the misuse of dual-use technologies.
In this book, leading non-proliferation experts from different regions of the world reflect on the political, legal and technical obstacles with an aim to finding a better balance between control and cooperation in dual-use technology transfer regulations. This broad approach makes it possible to compare regimes which may be structurally different but are similar in the way they attempt to regulate dual-use technology transfers by balancing controls and cooperative approaches.
This book will be of much interest to students of weapons proliferation, arms control, global governance, international organizations and international security.
Part I: Introduction 1. Dual-use technology transfers and the legitimacy of non-proliferation regimes, Oliver Meier Part II: Fundamental issues related to dual-use technology transfer regulations 2. The evolution of dual-use technology controls: a historical perspective, Ian Anthony 3. Global governance of dual-use trade: the contribution of international law, Thilo Marauhn 4. Detection, deterrence and confidence-building: improving multilateral technology controls, Andreas Persbo and Angela Woodward Part III: Improving dual-use transfer regulations: issues, problems and solutions 5.Keeping nuclear cooperation peaceful: the Technical Cooperation program and the safeguards mandate of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Giorgio Franceschini 6. India, the Nuclear Suppliers Group and the legitimacy of the nuclear non-proliferation regime, Oliver Meier 7. Regulating transfers of biological dual-use technology: the importance of a serious debate, Iris Hunger 8. Cooperation on biosecurity as part of a strategy to prevent misuse of the life sciences, Jo L. Husbands 9. Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) Article XI and the future of the CWC, Jean Pascal Zanders Part IV: Regional perspectives on dual-use technology transfers 10. Increasing the effectiveness and acceptance of dual-use export controls: Asian perspectives, Seema Gahlaut 11. The European Union CBRN Regional Centres of Excellence initiative, Louis-Victor Bril Part V: Conclusion 12.Dual-use technology transfers: finding the right balance between control and cooperation, Oliver Meier