Temperate Crop Science and Breeding : Ecological and Genetic Studies book cover
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Temperate Crop Science and Breeding
Ecological and Genetic Studies





ISBN 9781774635704
Published March 31, 2021 by Apple Academic Press
610 Pages 100 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This new collection covers a wide variety of research on the ecological aspects of crops growing under stress conditions due to atmospheric changes and pollution and the impact on both plant and human health. The book provides research that will help to find ways to overcome adverse abiotic environmental factors and unfavorable anthropogenic pressures on crop plants, which also eventually impact human health.





Divided into six parts, leading authors from many institutes provide and share new knowledge gained from studies on ecological and genetic controls of plant resistance to various adverse environmental factors. Geneticists and breeders are creating new cultivars and hybrids of crops, which greatly expand the range of source material. The book includes a range of material on the biology, genetics, and breeding of crops, taking into account ecological and climatic conditions, with emphasis on the impact to humans. The main agricultural crops are studied: cereals, fodder crops, and horticultural plants. The chapters include the interaction of plant–soil–environment, ways of using plants as anticancer drugs, and other important problems and trends in agricultural and nature management.





The role of different genetic and agronomical approaches to improving plant productivity and seasonal and profile dynamics of elements of soil acidity are considered. With the increasing demand and consumption of vegetables and fruits (by themselves or as additions to other foods), new agricultural methods are needed to overcome the deficit, and these new methods pose new concerns.





The book includes:





  • Plant breeding under adverse conditions of acid soils


  • New studies in horticultural crop science


  • Ecological peculiarities of particular regions and cytogenetic anomalies of the local human population


  • Phenogenetic studies of cultivated plants and biological properties of the seeds


  • Anthropogenic pressure on environmental and plant diversity


  • Methods of evaluation of the quantitative and qualitative characters of selection samples




The research found here will be valuable to agricultural engineers and others and is applicable at both regional and international levels.

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

PART I. PLANT BREEDING UNDER ADVERSE CONDITIONS OF ACID SOILS

Breeding of Grain Crops in Extreme Climatic Conditions; Galina A. Batalova, Irina N. Shchennikova, and Eugene M. Lisitsyn

Genetics of Quantitative Traits of Productivity and Qualities of Grain of Oat; Avena Sativa L., Galina A. Batalova, and Eugene M. Lisitsyn

Role of Somaclonal Variation in Cereal Breeding for Aluminum Resistance; Eugene M. Lisitsyn and Lyudmila N. Shikhova

Ecological Stability of Spring Barley Varieties; Irina N. Shchennikova and Eugene M. Lisitsyn

Barley Genotypes (Hordeum vulgare L.) Created by the Method of Cell Selection; Olga N. Shupletsova, Irina N. Shchennikova, and Tatyana K. Sheshegova

Basic Elements of Mineral Nutrition at Plants of Grain Crops under Conditions of Oxygen Stress; Lyudmila N. Shihova, Eugene M. Lisitsyn, and Galina A. Batalova

Edaphic Stress as the Modifier of Correlation of Yield Structure’s Elements in Cereal Crops; Eugene M. Lisitsyn and Lyudmila N. Shikhova

PART II. HORTICULTURAL CROP SCIENCE

Biological Features of the New Pear Cultivars (Pyrus communis L.); Mykola Ol. Bublyk, Oksana Iv. Mykychuk, Liudmyla A. Fryzyuk, Liudmyla M. Levchyk, and Galyna A. Chorna

Amino Acid Composition of Strawberries (Fragaria ×ananassa Duch.); Irina L. Zamorska

The Viral Diseases of the Corilus Spp. ¿iotechnology of Production of Improvement Plant Material; Galina A. Tarasenko, Ivan Sem. Kosenko, Olga A. Boyko, and Anatoly Iv. Opalko

Phylogenetic Connections Between Representatives of the Genus Amelanchier Medik; Anatoly Iv. Opalko, Olena D. Andrienko, and Olga ¿. Opalko

PART III. ECOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF THE FOOTHILLS OF THE NORTHEN CAUCASUS: CYTOGENETIC ANOMALIES OF THE LOCAL HUMAN POPULATION

Sources of Fresh and Mineral Water in North Ossetia—Alania; Margarita E. Dzodzikova

Introduction of Clover Species (Trifolium L.) in the North Caucasus; Sarra A. Bekuzarova, Lidia B. Sokolova, and Irina T. Samova

Detoxification of Soils Contaminated with Heavy Metals; Galina P. Khubaeva, Sarra A. Bekuzarova, and Kurman E. Sokaev

Genetic Health of the Human Population as a Reflection of the Environment: Cytogenetic Analysis; Lidia V. Chopikashvili, Tatiana I. Tsidaeva, Sergey V. Skupnevsky, Elena G. Pu¿haeva, Larisa A. Bobyleva, and Fatima K. Rurua

PART IV. PHENOGENETIC STUDIES OF CULTIVATED PLANTS AND BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF THE SEEDS

Ecological and Biological Study of Collection of the Genus Hordeum L.; Nina A. Bome, Nikolay V. Tetyannikov, Alexander Ya. Bome, and Olga N. Kovalyova

Reaction of Collection Samples of Barley (Hordeum L.) and Oats (Avena L.) on Chloride Salinization; Nina A. Bome and Alexander Ya. Bome

Resistance to Impact of Environment Factors of Hybrid Forms Soft Spring Wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.); Elena I. Ripberger and Nina A. Bome

Comparative Trials of Variety Samples of Eastern Galega (Galega orientalis Lam.); Vera I. Bushuyeva, Marina N. Avramenko, and Catherine S. Andronovich

PART V. ANTHROPOGENIC PRESSURE ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND PLANT DIVERSITY

Plant Response to Oil Contamination in Simulated Conditions; Nina A. Bome and Reval A. Nazyrov

Influence of Anthropogenic Pressure on Environmental Characteristics of Meadow Habitats in the Forest and Forest-Steppe Zones; Anna ¿. Kuzemko

Dynamics of the Floristic Diversity of Meadows as a Stability Factor of Herbaceous Ecosystems; Rafail A. Afanas'ev

Botanico-Geographical Zoning of the Upper Dnieper Basin on the Base of the J. Braun-Blanquet Vegetation Classification Approach; Yury A. Semenishchenkov

PART VI: METHODS OF EVALUATION OF THE QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE CHARACTERS OF SELECTION SAMPLES

Sustainability of Agrocenoses in the Use of Fertilizers on the Basis of Sewage Sludge; Genrietta Ye. Merzlaya and Michail O. Smirnov

Transformation of Mobile Phosphorus in the Soils of Agroecosystems During Prolonged Trials; Rafail A. Afanas’ev and Genrietta Ye. Merzlaya

Accounting Within-Field Variability of Soil Fertility to Optimize Differentiated Fertilizer Application; Rafail A. Afanas'ev

Gas Discharge Visualization of Selection Samples of Trifolium Pretense; Victoria ¿. Belyayeva

Application Galega orientalis Lam. for Solving Problems of Reduction the Cost of Forage; Igor Y. Kuznetsov

The Effect on the Incidence and the Development of Malignant Tumors; Valery N. Erokhin, Tamara A. Misharina, Elena B. Burlakova, and Anna V. Krementsova

Index

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