Ecological and genetic control of plant resistance to unfavorable environmental influences is being carried out all over the world, and new varieties and hybrids of plants are being created, resulting in rich, new information and innovative new methods of cultivation. This new volume, Temperate Horticulture for Sustainable Development and Environment: Ecological Aspects, explores the vast biotic diversity in horticulture, with a focus on sustainable development in today's deteriorating environment. The book offers new technologies for a wide range of horticultural crops, including vegetables, fruit, berries, and flowers. The information presented here is the result of original experiments and study of leading specialists in horticulture, plant breeding, and related areas.
Part 1, Innovation in the Field of Vegetable Growing, looks at several completely new methods for increasing the yield of potatoes and cucumbers. The second part. The Arctic Berries: Ecology and Biochemistry presents an abundance of data on the phytocenotic properties of wild-growing and cultivated berry plants and of arctic raspberry and blueberry in natural populations of taiga zones. The authors studied berry crops, cranberry, Arctic bramble, blueberry, Arctic raspberry, cowberry, growing on the boggy soil and peatlands in taiga zones.
Part 3, Decorative Plants: Breeding and Biochemistry, provides an overview of winter garden plants and their successful cultivation, looks at the range of resistance to salinization and other stresses of ornamental plants growing, and presents a biochemical analysis of biological active compounds and antioxidants among various species of the genus Aloe.
Part 4, on Fruit Growing and Breeding, reviews various technologies for the cultivation of various fruits and presents an overview of data on breeding rare fruit crop.
This volume will be useful for the scientific community, ecologists, geneticists, breeders, and industry professionals interested in using science to implement practical applications in production of fruits, vegetables, and flowers.
Table of Contents
Larissa I. Weisfeld and Gennady E. Zaikov
Potato Production in Various Soils and Climatic Conditions
Rafail A. Afanas'ev, Genrietta E. Merzlaya, and Michail O. Smirnov
Innovations in the System of Accelerated Propagation of Potato Minituber
Oleg S. Khutinaev, Boris V. Anisimov, and Nizam E. Shabanov
"Snow Technology" of Potato Cultivation
Sarra A. Bekuzarova, Zarema A. Bolieva, Soltan S. Basiev, and Alina S. Basieva
The Use of Wood Wastes of Coniferous When Growing Cucumber Seedlings
Genrietta E. Merzlaya, R. A. Afanas'ev, Michail O. Smirnov, and Sarra A. Bekuzarova
Biochemical Composition of Fruits of Wild Growing Berry Plants
Ekaterina A. Luginina, and Tatyana L. Egoshina
Cultivation of Arctic Raspberry on Mesotrophic Bogs: Phytocenotic Study in Various Ecological Conditions
Yulia V. Gudovskikh, Tatyana L. Egoshina, Anastasya V. Kislitsyna, and Ekaterina A. Luginina
Blueberry Resources Characteristics in Natural Populations and the Prospects of Cultivation in the Taiga Zone
Natalya V. Kapustina, Ekaterina A. Luginina, and Tatyana L. Egoshina
Tolerance Improvement of Indoor Plants
Anatoly Iv. Opalko, Larissa I. Weisfeld, Sarra A. Bekuzarova, Alexey Е. Burakov, Olga А. Opalko, and Fyodor A. Tatarinov
Evaluation of Salt Resistance of Flowering Plants in the Simulated Conditions
Nina A. Bome, Marina V. Semenova, Konstantin P. Korolev, Nina V. Biserova, and Alexander Ya. Bome
Biological Active Compounds Search Among Aloe Spp.
Natalia N. Sazhina, Peter V. Lapshin, and Nataliya V. Zagoskina
Cultivation of Apple (Malus Domestica Borkh.): Main Growing Regions, Cultivars, Rootstocks, and Technologies
Mykola O. Bublyk, Lyudmyla O. Barabash, Lyudmyla A. Fryziuk, and Lyubov D. Boldyzheva
The Productivity of Apple Orchards on the Terraced and Gentle Slopes
Zhamal H. Bakuev and Liana Ch. Gagloeva
Hazelnut (Corylus domestica Kos. Et Opal.) Research and Breeding at the National Dendrological Park "Sofiyivka" NAS of Ukraine
Ivan S. Kosenko, Anatoly Iv. Opalko, Oleksandr A. Balabak, Olga A. Opalko, and Alla V. Balabak
Results of Rare Fruit Crop Assortment Improvement
Ecological Plasticity and Productivity of Black Currant Cultivars under Instability of Environment
Tatyana V. Zhidyokhina
Larissa I. Weisfeld, PhD, is a senior researcher at the Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. She is the author of about 300 publications in scientific journals as well as several patents and conference proceedings and the co-author of publications on three new cultivars of winter wheat, which are included in the State Register of the Russian Federation. She is a member of the Vavilov Society of Genetics and Breeders. Her main field of interest concerns basic problems of chemical mutagenesis, mutational selection, and the mechanisms of action of para-aminobensoic acid. She has worked as a scientific editor at the publishing house Nauka ("science") (Moscow) and an editor of the journals Genetics and Ontogenesis. She has co-edited several books, including Ecological Consequences of Increasing Crop Productivity: Plant Breeding and Biotic Diversity; Biological Systems, Biodiversity, and Stability of Plant Communities; Temperate Crop Science and Breeding: Ecological and Genetic Study; Heavy Metals and Other Pollutants in the Environment: Biological Aspects; and Chemistry and Technology of Plant Substances: Chemical and Biochemical Aspects.
Anatoly Iv. Opalko, PhD in Agriculture, is Leading Researcher of the Genetics, Plant Breeding and Reproductive Biology Division at the National Dendrological Park "Sofiyivka" of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. He is also Professor of the Genetics, Plant Breeding and Biotechnology Chair in Uman National University of Horticulture and Head of the Cherkassy Regional Branch of the Vavilov Society of Geneticists and Breeders of Ukraine. He is a prolific author, researcher, and lecturer. He has received several awards for his work, including the badge of honor, "Excellence in Agricultural Education," and the badge of honor of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine "for professional achievement." He has also received the Nikolai Cholodny Prize in Botany and Plant Physiology. He is member of many professional organizations and is on the editorial boards of the Ukrainian Biological and Agricultural Science Journals. He is the author and co-editor of the books Ecological Consequences of Increasing Crop Productivity: Plant Breeding and Biotic Diversity; Biological Systems, Biodiversity, and Stability of Plant Communities; and Temperate Crop Science and Breeding.
Sarra A. Bekuzarova, DSc in Agriculture, is a Professor and Head of the Laboratory of Plant Breeding and Feed Crops of Long-term Seed Grower of Fodder Crops in North Caucasus Institute of Mountain and Foothill Agriculture of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia. She is also a Professor at the Gorsky State University of Agriculture, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia, as well as Professor at L. N. Kosta Khetagurov North Ossetia State University, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia. Dr. Bekuzarova has been named a Deserved Inventor of Russia and has been awarded the Medal of Popova. She is a prolific author, researcher, and lecturer. She is a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences and a member of the International Academy of Authors of the Scientific Discoveries and Inventions, the International Academy of Sciences of Ecology; Safety of Man and Nature; the All Russian Academy of Nontraditional and Rare Plants; and the International Academy of Agrarian Education. Dr. Bekuzarova is also a member of the editorial boards of several scientific journals. She is the author and a coeditor of several books, including Ecological Consequences of Increasing Crop Productivity: Plant Breading and Biotic Diversity; Biological Systems, Biodiversity and Stability of Plant Communities; Temperate Crop Science and Breeding: Ecological and Genetic Studies; and Heavy Metals and Other Pollutants in the Environment; Biological Aspects.
"The book is devoted to solving the actual problems of production of ecologically safe products: potatoes, vegetables, berries, etc., which meets the relevant international requirements. The information contained in the book allows us to consider the problem of safe production of horticultural products as well as gardening and plant growing in a broad ecological aspect, which is of great importance for the moderate and sustainable use of biological resources. Of particular note is the great contribution made by the editors of the book: Larissa Weisfeld, Anatoly Opalko, Sarra Bekuzarova, as well as Gennady Zaikov and Alexander Goloshchapov, as they consider the actualization of this problem. With regard to direct agricultural production, the book indicates the directions on which agriculture can be oriented with the aim of providing the population with environmentally safe and biologically valuable products. . . . An interesting book useful for professionals and entrepreneurs interested in applying the latest scientific achievements."
—Volodymyr Ar. Doronin, DSc, Professor, Head of Laboratory of the Institute of Bioenergy Crops and Sugar Beet of NAAS, Ukraine
"The authors study the extensive biotic diversity in the field of horticulture for the purpose of sustainable development of production in current soil and climatic conditions, including anthropogenic pressure on the soil and composition of the air environment harmful to living organisms by chemicals. Researchers of this volume offer new technologies for a wide range of garden plants, including vegetables (potatoes and cucumbers), fruit and berry (apple or berry crops), nut-bearing crops, as well as floral and ornamental plants, including indoor landscaping of office premises and hotel lobbies and winter garden facilities. [This] volume will be useful for the scientific community, including for ecologists; geneticists and breeders; gardeners who are interested in using science for industrial production of fruits, vegetables and flowers; as well as for beginning scientists, such as graduate students and students who want to live their life in science and practice studying scientific material and English-language literature."
—Valentin V. Polishchuk, DSc, Professor of Uman National University of Horticulture, Dean of the Department of Landscape Architecture, Ukraine