Temporal Codes for Memories (PLE: Memory): Issues and Problems, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Temporal Codes for Memories (PLE: Memory)

Issues and Problems, 1st Edition

By Benton J. Underwood

Psychology Press

168 pages

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Given two events, both of which are well remembered, can we specify which event occurred first? If so, how? For example, did Nixon resign, before or after Billie Jean King beat Bobby Riggs?

Originally published in 1977, little was known about the accuracy of temporal codes for memories, and still less about the nature of the codes. This volume addresses the central question of the mechanisms by which order information is attached to memories. The results of sixteen previously unpublished experiments indicate the role of some independent variables on temporal coding in relatively short-term memory and in long-term memory. Several experiments, in which changes in proactive inhibition are used as an index of temporal differentiation, show that the nature of the words making up the lists is involved fundamentally in temporal coding. Other experiments demonstrate that in relatively short-term memory a subject cannot learn to improve his performance in estimating how far apart in time two events occurred. Still other experiments show that recency judgments for two events improve with practice, but the improvement is independent of the temporal separation. The context in which memories are established is shown to influence temporal codes only if an ordering metric is part of the context.

The author advances several theoretical propositions to account for the various findings. In doing so he has given initial structuring for subsequent research to a neglected area. This volume will still be of significant interest to all those interested in learning and memory.

Table of Contents

Preface. 1. The Problem 2. A Preliminary Analysis 3. The Puzzle 4. The Chase 5. Beyond the Puzzle 6. Interim. References. Subject Index.

About the Series

Psychology Library Editions: Memory

Memory is one of the core areas of academic research in cognitive psychology. Psychology Library Editions: Memory brings together a series of previously out-of-print titles, available as a 27-volume set or as individual volumes. The authors come from diverse backgrounds and many of them are now leading experts in their fields. The majority of titles were originally published in the 1970s and 1980s and reflect early research in a number of key areas. The volumes cover topics such as memory development in children; memory and aging; memory and thinking; memory and language; working memory; and memory disorders, to name but a few. This is a great opportunity to obtain a valuable resource tracing the development of a major field of psychology.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PSYCHOLOGY / Cognitive Psychology