The rise of the Islamic State since 2014 has led to the re-emergence of terrorism as a serious security threat in Asia. Coupled with the ongoing terrorism and insurgency challenges from both radical religious extremists and also ethno-nationalist insurgencies, it is clear that some parts of Asia remain mired in armed rebellion despite decades of nation-building. While the situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan has obviously deteriorated, there is also a growing terrorist challenge, on top of armed insurgencies, in other parts of Asia. A common theme in armed rebellions in the region has been the lack of legitimacy of the state and the presence of fundamental causes stemming from political, economic or social grievances. Addressing rebellion in the region thus requires a comprehensive approach involving transnational co-operation, addressing fundamental grievances, and also the use of more innovative approaches, such as religious rehabilitation and reconciliation programmes.
Acknowledgements; The Editors and Contributors; Part 1 Introduction, Andrew T. H. Tan and Benjamin Schreer; The Causes of Armed Rebellion in Asia, Adam Lockyer Part 2 Social Media and Terrorism in the Asia Pacific, Julian Droogan and Lise Waldek; The Long War: Afghanistan, Lise Waldek; Strategy on Autopilot: Resolute Support and the Continuing Failure of Western Strategy in Afghanistan, Benjamin Schreer and Tom Waldman; Pakistan’s Terrorist Challenge, Julian Droogan; The Internationalisation of the Central Asian Terrorist Threat, Nordibek Soliev; India’s Maoist Insurgencies, Dalbir Ahlawat and Sonika Ahlawat Part 3 China’s Uyghur Problem: Terrorist Acts and Government Responses, Chien-peng Chung; Anti-State Armed Groups in Myanmar: Origins, Evolution and Implications, Ardeth Maung Thawnghmung and Mike Furnari; The Chronic Threat of Insurgent Groups in the Philippines, Renato Cruz de Castro; Thailand's Restive South: Identity and Neo-Colonial Resistance, Zachary Abuza; Terrorism in Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore – Challenge and Response, Andrew T. H. Tan Part 4 Terrorist Rehabilitation and Community Engagement in Southeast Asia, Rohan Gunaratna; Deradicalization of Terrorist Detainees and Inmates: Soft Approach to Counter Terrorism, Melkanthi Hettiarachchi; Counter-Terrorism and Counter-Insurgency in Asia, Andrew T. H. Tan