This thoroughly revised book will provide the reader with an understanding of the principles and practices of testing and balancing (TAB) heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) air and water systems. It is for anyone interested in testing and balancing. For the novice and the experienced testing and balancing technician, it is a field reference book of procedures, equations, and information tables. For those interested in getting into TAB or who are new to the HVAC industry, it is a text for learning more about HVAC systems and testing and balancing. For the mechanical engineer, building owner, facility manager, commissioning agency or energy manager, this book can be used for teaching TAB, writing more effective specifications, and learning about TAB and how it interacts with system commissioning, indoor air quality and energy management. It is the intent of this book to improve the communications between owners, mechanical engineers, designers, vendors, contractors, TAB engineers, supervisors, and technicians to ensure that HVAC systems are being thoroughly tested and balanced.
This book is used in test and balance self-study courses, in-house training programs, seminars, and other training formats as preparation for TAB certification, and as a text in colleges and technical schools. The sixth edition has general and specific testing and balancing procedures for constant air volume systems, variable air volume systems, return air and exhaust air systems, positive and negative pressure conditioned spaces, and fans and fan performance in Chapters 1 through 9. Chapters 10–12 cover testing and balancing fume hood systems, and cleanrooms and commissioning HVAC systems. Chapters 13 and 14 provide information on water systems and centrifugal pumps including water balancing procedures using flow meters, system components and temperatures, and water pumps and pump performance. Chapter 15 reviews analog and digital controls. Chapters 16–20 cover terminology for fluid flow, psychrometrics, refrigeration¸ air distribution, water distribution, fans and pumps, motors, electrical, and instrument usage and care. Chapters 21 and 22 are equations and tables.
Table of Contents
1. Why We Test and Balance HVAC Air and Water Systems 2. General Testing and Balancing Procedure for Air and Water Systems 3. Air Handling Equipment 4. Air Distribution System 5. Fan Speed and Drives 6. Constant Air Volume Systems 7. Variable Air Volume Systems 8. Outside, Economizer, Return, and Exhaust Air Systems and Final Data 9. Fans 10. Testing and Balancing Fume Hood Systems 11. Testing and Balancing Cleanrooms 12. HVAC Commissioning 13. Water Systems 14. Centrifugal Pumps 15. Analog and Digital Automatic Controls 16. Fluid Flow, Psychrometric, and Refrigeration Terminology 17. Air Systems: Distribution and Components and Terminology 18. Water Systems: Distribution, Components and Terminology 19. Fan, Pump, Drive, Motor, and Electrical Terminology 20. Instruments and Instrument Terminology 21. Equations 22. Tables
Samuel C. Sugarman, CEM, CDSM, CIAQM, CTAB is an internationally recognized test and balance and HVAC consultant, instructor, and author. Mr. Sugarman has over 40 years of hands-on testing and evaluation of HVAC systems from small commercial to nuclear power plants. Using this experience, he has taught over 500 training programs and seminars and authored numerous articles, books, certification tests, manuals and video scripts on HVAC system design and optimization, evaluation and performance testing, air and water test and balance, cleanroom and laboratory fume hood test and certification, energy management and retrofit, indoor air quality testing, and commissioning. As an adjunct professor at San Diego City College Environmental Technologies Department, Mr. Sugarman taught fluid flow dynamics and advanced refrigeration courses for 16 years. He has teaching credentials from California and Washington and certifications as an Energy Manager, Demand Side Manager, Indoor Air Quality Manager and Testing-Adjusting-Balancing Professional.