5th Edition

Textbook of Female Urology and Urogynecology Two-Volume Set

    1368 Pages 710 Color & 124 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Featuring contributions by an international team of the world’s experts in urology and gynecology, this fifth edition reinforces its status as the classic comprehensive resource on female urology and urogynecology and an essential clinical reference in the field. There are new chapters throughout and new commentaries on important documents in the appendixes; each volume is now available separately. *Offers a comprehensive guide to both medical and surgical sides *Covers important and common topics such as stress incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and robotic surgery and newer topics such as transgender surgery *Presents a practical and manageable level of detail

    Preface Linda Cardozo and David Staskin



    Section Editor: Ian Milsom

    1. History of Urogynecology and Female Urology
    Jane A. Schulz and Harold P. Drutz

    2 Tackling the stigma of incontinence
    Angie Rantell

    3 The epidemiology of Urinary Incontinence, other lower urinary tract symptoms, and Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    Maria Gyhagen and Ian Milsom

    4 Natural history and prevention of Urinary Incontinence and urogenital prolapse

    Ifeoma Offiah, Chendrimada K. Madhu, Ruben Trochez, and Robert M. Freeman

    5 A short history of surgery for Stress Urinary Incontinence

    Dudley Robinson and Linda Cardozo

    6 The history of surgery for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    Sören Lange and Heinz Kölbl

    7 Medical error and patient safety in surgery

    Roxane Gardner

    8 Medicolegal issues in Urogynaecology

    Swati Jha


    Section Editor: Nikki Cotterill

    9 Patient-Reported Outcomes: From development to utilization

    Karin Coyne, Chris Sexton, and Alan Uren

    10 Patient-Reported Outcome questionnaires to assess health-related Quality of Life and symptom impact

    Victoria Kershaw, Thomas Gray, Swati Jha, and Stephen Radley

    11 Patient-Reported Outcome questionnaires to screen and measure satisfaction, expectations, and goal achievement

    Zoe S. Kopp, Christopher J. Evans, and Nathan A. Johnson

    12 Questionnaires to assess sexual function

    Claudine Domoney, Tara Symonds, and Raman Basra

    13 Questionnaires to assess bowel function

    Alison Hainsworth and Andrew Williams

    14 International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire

    Alan Uren, Nikki Cotterill and Paul Abrams

    15 Electronic Personal Assessment Questionnaire (ePAQ) pelvic floor

    Thomas Gray, Victoria Kershaw, and Stephen Radley

    16 Questionnaires to assess Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    Alka A. Bhide and Alex Digesu

    17 Economic aspects of Urinary Incontinence

    Marie-Aimée Perrouin-Verbe


    Section Editor: Lori Birder

    18 Anatomy

    John O.L. DeLancey

    19 Embryology of the female urogenital system and clinical applications

    Dana Weiss and Stephen A. Zderic

    20 Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine for the female genitourinary system

    Sara Anis and Anthony Atala

    21 Physiology of micturition

    Naoki Yoshimura, Pradeep Tyagi, and Michael B. Chancellor

    22 Pharmacology of the bladder and emerging treatments

    Karl-Erik Andersson

    23 Classification of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction in the female patient

    David Staskin, Márcio A. Averbeck, and Alan J. Wein

    24 Research horizons: Translational and in development

    Christopher Fry


    25 History and examination

    Vik Khullar and Visha Tailor

    26 Bladder diary and symptom scores

    Nikki Cotterill and Alan Uren

    27 Pad tests

    Marie-Andrée Harvey

    28 Basic urodynamic tests: Uroflowmetry

    Matthias Oelke

    29 Basic urodynamic tests: Filling and voiding cystometry

    Hashim Hashim and Andrew Gammie

    30 Tests of urethral function

    Niels Klarskov

    31 Videourodynamics

    Ilias Giarenis

    32 Special urodynamic tests: Ambulatory urodynamics

    Kevin L.J. Rademakers, Desiree M.J. Vrijens, and Gommert A. van Koeveringe

    33 Basic neurological evaluation and referral

    Melita Rotar, Jalesh N. Panicker, and David B. Vodušek

    34 Imaging of the upper and lower urinary tract: Radiology

    Andrea Tubaro, Riccardo Lombardo, and Antonio Carbone

    35 Ultrasound in urogynecology: Lower genitourinary tract

    Kamil Svabik

    36 Magnetic Resonance Imaging in urogynecology

    Elisabetta Costantini, Francesco Trama, and Ester Illiano

    37 Cystoscopy and vesicoscopy

    Paul A Moran, Jennifer Cole, and Tamsin Greenwell

    38 Urinalysis and urine culture

    Rajvinder Khasriya, Kiren Gill, and Alexandros Fanourgiakis

    39 The urinary microbiome

    Visha Tailor, Alka A. Bhide, and Vik Khullar


    Section Editor: Eric Rovner

    40 The role of the Continence Nurse

    Angie Rantell

    41 Behavioral therapies and management of Urinary Incontinence in women

    Kathryn L. Burgio

    42 Physiotherapy for urinary incontinence

    Enrico Finazzi-Agrò, Donatella Giraudo, Simone Pletto, and Gianfranco Lamberti

    43 Pessaries and devices: Nonsurgical treatment of Pelvic Organ Prolapse and Stress Urinary Incontinence

    Joseph T. Kowalski and Catherine S. Bradley

    44 Catheters, pads, and pants

    Kevin Cwach and Eric Rovner

    45 Drug treatment of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction in women

    Ariana L. Smith and Alan J. Wein

    46 Botulinum Toxin treatment of Neurogenic Detrusor Overactivity and Overactive Bladder

    David Ginsberg, Rita Jen, and Unwanaobong Nseyo

    47 Electrical stimulation and magnetic stimulation

    Bary Berghmans

    48 Peripheral neuromodulation

    John Heesakkers and Frank Martens

    49 Sacral neuromodulation in the treatment of female Overactive Bladder syndrome and nonobstructive urinary retention

    Dora K. Jericevic, Benjamin Brucker, and Benoit Peyronnet

    50 Nonsurgical transurethral radio frequency therapy, laser, and other interventions for the treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence

    Elizabeth A. Rourke and Roger R. Dmochowski

    51 Injectable bulking agents in the treatment of female Stress Urinary Incontinence

    Elisabeth M. Sebesta, Brian J. Linder, Philip Wanzek, Deborah J. Lightner, and Roger R. Dmochowski


    Section Editor: Philip Toozs-Hobson

    52 The Overactive Bladder

    Pedro Abreu Mendes and Francisco Cruz

    53 Neurological disorders

    Claire Hentzen and Jalesh N Panicker

    54 Nonneurogenic voiding dysfunction and urinary retention

    Felicity Reeves and Jeremy Ockrim

    55 Pathophysiology of chronic pelvic pain

    Athanasios E. Dellis, Athanasios G. Papatsoris, and Lazaros Tzelves

    56 Bladder Pain Syndrome/Interstitial Cystitis

    Ilias Liapis and Matthew Parsons

    57 The urinary and vaginal microbiomes

    Niels Frimodt-Møller, Karen Leth Nielsen, and Frederik Boetius Hertz

    58 Bacterial cystitis in Urogynaecology: An update

    Kate H. Moore, Zhuoran Chen, and Nèvine I.D. te West

    59 Vaginitis

    Jack D. Sobel

    60 The impact of pregnancy and childbirth on the pelvic floor

    Martino Maria Zacchè and Philip Toozs-Hobson

    61 Problems associated with sexual activity

    Anna Padoa, Tal Fligelman, and Roni Tomashev

    62 Menopause

    Elizabeth Stephenson and Timothy C. Hillard

    63 Sports and fitness activities

    Kari Bø

    64 Anal incontinence

    Alison Hainsworth and Andrew Williams

    65 Constipation

    Yvette Perston, Anil Bagul, Sarah Addison, and Simon Radley

    66 Female Sexual Dysfunction

    Maria Uloko and Irwin Goldstein

    67 Multidisciplinary clinics: Urogynaecology, Colorectal, and Urology

    Hayser Medina Lucena, Ivilina Pandeva, and Ashish Pradhan




    Section Editor: Roger Dmochowski

    68 How and why incontinence surgery works

    Joshua Kent Calvert, Elizabeth Rourke, Mauricio Plata, Nicolas Fernandez, David James Osborn, and Roger Dmochowski

    69 Peri- and postoperative care

    George Araklitis, Sushma Srikrishna, and Linda Cardozo

    70 Traditional surgery and other historical procedures for Stress Incontinence

    Elisabeth Sebesta, Malcolm Lucas, Elizabeth Timbrook Brown, and Roger Dmochowski

    71 Retropubic urethropexy

    Dudley Robinson and Linda Cardozo

    72 Fascial slings

    Elizabeth A. Rourke, W. Stuart Reynolds, Aaron Brothers, David James Osborn, Roger R. Dmochowski and Melissa R. Kaufman

    73 Retropubic mid urethral sling procedure for the treatment of Female Urinary Stress Incontinence

    Steven Schraffordt

    74 Transobturator tape for surgical treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence: Outside-in technique

    Emmanuel Delorme

    75 Single-incision minislings

    Mickey Karram and Ahmed Abdelaziz

    76 Readjustable slings: Safyre and Remeex

    Paulo Palma, Cassio Riccetto, and Carlos Errando Smet

    77 Artificial urinary sphincter for treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence in women

    Elizabeth A. Rourke, David Castro-Diaz, David Staskin, and Roger R. Dmochowski

    78 Diagnosis and treatment of obstruction following incontinence surgery: Urethrolysis and other techniques

    Elisabeth Sebesta, Melissa R Kaufman, W. Stuart Reynolds, Stephen Mock, and Roger R Dmochowski

    79 Complications of stress urinary incontinence surgery

    Véronique Phé and Emmanuel Chartier-Kastler

    80 Mesh complications and their management

    Antonin Prouza and Hashim Hashim


    Section Editor: Peter Sand

    81 Classification and epidemiology of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    Steven E. Swift and Joel D. Winer

    82 Anterior vaginal wall prolapse

    Whitney K. Hendrickson and Matthew D. Barber

    83 Enterocele

    Kaven Baessler

    84 Rectocele: Anatomic and functional repair

    Olivia H. Chang, James H. Ross, and Marie Fidela R. Paraiso

    85 Vaginal approach to apical suspension

    Debjyoti Karmakar and Peter L Dwyer

    86 Open abdominal approach to supporting the vaginal apex

    Russell Stanley, T. Clark Powell, and Holly E. Richter

    87 Uterine preservation and hysteropexy

    Roger P. Goldberg and Nani P. Moss

    88 Surgery for urogenital prolapse: Colpocleisis

    Emilly Santos and G. Willy Davila

    89 Biologic and synthetic grafts in reconstructive pelvic surgery

    Katrina M. Knight, Brittany R. Egnot, William R. Barone, and Pamela A. Moalli

    90 Complications of synthetic mesh used to repair Pelvic Organ Prolapse and Stress Urinary Incontinence

    Rubin Raju, Ahmed Abdelaziz, Mickey Karram and John B. Gebhart

    91 Management of the perineum, episiotomy, and perineal reconstruction

    Oliver Daly

    92 Primary repair of obstetric anal sphincter injuries

    Ruwan Fernando and Abdul H. Sultan

    93 Surgery for fecal incontinence

    Emanuela Silva-Alvarenga, Yasmin Zerhouni, and Steven D. Wexner

    94 Rectal prolapse and other causes of defecatory dysfunction

    Megan R. Routzong, Steven Abramowitch, and Ghazaleh Rostaminia


    Section Editor: Christian Phillips

    95 Introduction: The role of laparoscopic surgery in Urogynecology

    Christian Phillips

    96 Abdominal and pelvic anatomy through the laparoscope

    Fiona Reid

    97 Training and accreditation in laparoscopic and robotic pelvic floor surgery

    Shannon L Wallace, Karl Jallad, Alfred Cutner, and Marie Fidela R Paraiso

    98 Laparoscopic colposuspension

    Matthew Izett-Kay and Arvind Vashisht

    99 Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy

    Mugdha Kulkarni, Anna Rosamilia, and Marcus Carey

    100 Laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy

    Matthew Izett-Kay and Natalia Price

    101 Prevention, recognition, and treatment of complications in laparoscopic pelvic floor surgery

    Ellen Yeung and Christopher Maher

    102 The role of robotic surgery

    Daniel Galvin, Orfhlaith E. O’Sullivan, and Barry A. O’Reilly

    103 Cost-effectiveness in laparoscopic and robotic surgery in Urogynecology

    Karen Ward

    104 New techniques in laparoscopic pelvic floor surgery

    Stephen T. Jeffery and Khumbo T. Jere


    Section Editor: Victor Nitti

    105 Diagnosis of urogenital fistula

    Caroline A. Brandon, Ekene A. Enemchukwu, and Benjamin M. Brucker

    106 Transvaginal repair of vesicovaginal fistula

    Lori Jones and Nirit Rosenblum

    107 Transabdominal vesicovaginal and vesicouterine fistula repair

    Howard B. Goldman and Christopher F. Tenggardjaja

    108 Management of obstetric urogenital fistula

    Andrew Browning

    109 Management of iatrogenic ureteral injury and ureterovaginal fistula

    Elizabeth R. Mueller

    110 Management of urethrovaginal fistula

    Pansy Uberoi and Kathleen C Kobashi

    111 Urethral diverticulum

    Yu Zheng and Eric S. Rovner

    112 Diagnosis and management of female urethral stricture disease

    Dmitry Volkin and Victor W. Nitti

    113 Bladder reconstruction and urinary diversion

    Daniela Kaefer and Ja-Hong Kim

    114 Gynaecological developmental abnormalities

    Cara E Williams

    115 Pediatric Urogynecology

    Jennifer S. Singer, Angela M. Arlen, Tamara Grisales, and Andrew J. Kirsch

    116 Female cosmetic genital surgery

    Ö. Ferit Saraçoğlu

    117 Gender-affirming surgery, care, and common complications

    Christi Butler, Daniel Dugi, and Geolani W. Dy

    APPENDIX: Standardised terminology for incontinence and pelvic floor dysfunction

    Editor: Rufus Cartwright



    Linda Cardozo, OBE, MD, FRCOG, is Professor of Urogynecology and Consultant Gynecologist at King’s College Hospital, London, UK. David R. Staskin, MD, is Director, Female Urology and Male Voiding Dysfunction, St. Elizabeth’s Medical Center and Associate Professor of Urology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.