This book explores the opportunities and challenges that both Europe and Asia face under the framework of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Initiative.
The 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Initiative (MSR Initiative), put forward by the Chinese government together with the Silk Road Economic Belt, reflects China’s ambition and vision to shape the global economic and political order. The first step and priority under the MSR Initiative, according to documents issued by China, is to build three ‘Blue Economic Passages’ linking China with the rest of the world at sea, two of which will connect China with Europe. This initiative, however, still faces enormous challenges of geopolitical suspicion and security risks. This book seeks to assess these risks and their causes for the cooperation between the Eurasian countries under the framework of MSR and puts forward suggestions to deal with these risks in the interdisciplinary perspectives of international relations and international law.
Featuring a global team of contributors, this book will be of much interest to students of Asian politics, maritime security, international law and international relations.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction, Keyuan Zou, Shicun Wu, and Qiang Ye
Part 1: Maritime Silk Road and Challenges to Asia-Europe Cooperation
2. An EU Perspective on the Maritime Silk Road: Legal Issues, Jörn Axel Kämmerer
3. The Northern Sea Route in the Context of China’s Maritime Silk Road Initiative, Erik Franckx
4. The Challenge to the Maritime Silk Road to Port Connectivity, Renping Zhang and Shihui Yu
Part 2: Sea Lanes of Communication and Navigational Safety
5. Maritime Silk Road Initiative Changing Geopolitical Configuration in the Indo-Pacific, Fu-Kuo Liu
6. Maritime Security and Sea Lanes of Communication: Geographical Perspective on Belt and Road Initiative, Vivian Louis Forbes
7. SLOCs Security in the South China Sea: Enhancing or Hindering the Maritime Silk Road? Keyuan Zou and Qiang Ye
8. The Polar Code’s Suitability as Legal Protection Against Negative Externalities in the Arctic as Part of the Polar Silk Road? Christian Frier and Kim Østergaard
Part 3: Environmental Security and Marine Resources Cooperation
9. Climate Law Implications of the Maritime Silk Road Initiative, Lorenzo Schiano di Pepe
10. Environmental Security in the South China Sea: Cooperation and Challenges under the Maritime Silk Road Initiative, Lei Zhang
11. Protection of the Marine Environment in the South China Sea in the Aftermath of the Philippines/China Arbitration, Sophia Kopela
12. Conciliation for Marine Transboundary Energy Resources. A Law and Economics Approach, Volker Röben and Rafael Emmanuel Macatangay
13. Cooperation on Fisheries Management in the South China Sea, Lingqun Li
Part 4: Handling Financial and Trade Issues
14. Prospects for the Integration of Environmental, Social, and Cultural Sustainability within the Belt and Road Initiative: Case Study of the Duqm Port Development Project in Oman, David M. Ong
15. The New Maritime Silk Road and WTO Law: Road to Harmony or Conflict? Henrik Anderson
Keyuan Zou is Harris Professor of International Law at the Lancashire Law School and Director of the Institute for International and Comparative Law, University of Central Lancashire, UK.
Shicun Wu is President of China’s National Institute for South China Sea Studies, and a Deputy Director of the Collaborative Innovation Centre of South China Sea Studies, Nanjing University, China.
Qiang Ye is Research Associate, National Institute for South China Sea Studies, China. Currently, he is a PhD candidate at Lancashire Law School, University of Central Lancashire, UK.
'In this cohesive collection of 14 essays stemming from two international symposia on the maritime issues pertaining to Xi Zinping’s 2013 “One Belt, One Road" initiative, the 18 contributing authors, primarily legal scholars, examine these challenges in depth. Like the initiative's land-based Silk Road Economic Belt, the stated goal of the Maritime Silk Road is diversified and sustainable development through improved network connectivity to enhance China’s geostrategic and economic ambitions. Chinese financial, technological, and production resources will be harnessed to build ports and other related physical infrastructure, develop and improve transport and supply chain systems, and expand natural resource exploitation and international trade markets. Within the framework of existing international laws, agreements, and organizations, and according to bilateral and multilateral accords, intra- and interregional cooperation of the Eurasian, African, Oceanic, and European nations bordering the South China Sea and the Indian, Pacific, and Arctic Oceans is critical, yet risks persist. The contributors explore these risks through multiple dimensions of trade and national security, the impacts of climate change, and environmental challenges. Taken together, these essays provide detailed and interesting analysis, projections, and recommendations relating to the Maritime Silk Road. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty; professionals.'--M. J. Frost, Wittenberg University, CHOICE