Based on in-depth studies of the relationship between expertise and democracy in Europe, this book presents a new approach to how the un-elected can be made safe for democracy. It addresses the challenge of reconciling modern governments’ need for knowledge with the demand for democratic legitimacy.
Knowledge-based decision-making is indispensable to modern democracies. This book establishes a public reason model of legitimacy and clarifies the conditions under which unelected bodies can be deemed legitimate as they are called upon to handle pandemics, financial crises, climate change and migration flows. Expert bodies are seeking neither re-election nor popularity, they can speak truth to power as well as to the citizenry at large. They are unelected, yet they wield power. How could they possibly be legitimate?
This book is of key interest to scholars and students of democracy, governance, and more broadly to political and administrative science as well as the Science Technology Studies (STS).
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Making the un-elected safe for democracy
Erik O. Eriksen
2. Strategies for Repairing legitimacy deficits
Erik O. Eriksen
3. Reasoned Administration: The European Union, the United States, and the project of democratic governance
Jerry L. Mashaw
4. Power, Money, Knowledge and the European Central Bank
5. Reputational Threats and Democratic Responsiveness of Regulatory Agencies
Tobias Bach, Marlene Jugl, Dustin Köhler and Kai Wegrich
6. Accountability and Inter-institutional Respect: The case of independent regulatory agencies
7. Accountability beyond Control: How can parliamentary hearings connect the elected and the unelected?
Andreas Eriksen and Alexander Katsaitis
8. Expertise and the General will in Democratic Republicanism
Kjartan Koch Mikalsen
9. Values in Expert Reasoning: A pragmatic approach
10. Experts: From technocrats to representatives
Erik O. Eriksen
Erik O. Eriksen is Professor of Political Science and former director of ARENA, Centre for European Studies, University of Oslo, Norway.
"Is there a ‘legitimacy basis for the unelected’? Yes, say Erik O. Eriksen and the specialist authors in this must-read volume. In an age of scepticism about knowledge, we are reminded of the vital importance of ‘public reason’ as a basis for informed decision-making. We know that we cannot live without experts, but we also know we must legitimate expertise. This volume unlocks this conundrum, reinvigorating existing legal and institutional debates by re-asserting the political-philosophical foundations for legitimate action."
Michelle Everson, Birkbeck College, University of London, UK.
"Experts and expertise are under attack. They are needed but lost their aura of impartiality. This book offers a democratic understanding of experts by building on the reasons-giving requirement. Erik O. Eriksen, a master of the intersection between empirical and normative analysis, has gathered a set of intriguing contributions by excellent scholars. The result is a timely contribution to one of the most challenging issues for our democracies."
Michael Zürn, Berlin Social Science Center (WZB), Germany.