1st Edition

The Aftermath of the Arab Uprisings Towards Reconstruction, Democracy and Peace

Edited By Samir Makdisi, Raimundo Soto Copyright 2023
    286 Pages 41 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Unlike other books on the Arab uprisings of 2010–2011 which focus on why they occurred, this book looks instead towards the future of three countries—Syria, Libya, and Yemen—where the violence and instability initiated by the uprisings persist. It additionally examines the case of Iraq which continues to suffer from a precarious political situation introduced by the US-led invasion of 2003. The book investigates what should be done to achieve inclusive political and economic development and eventually a lasting peace. It describes the particular circumstances in each of the four countries, and analyses the common challenges facing them such as the need to achieve economic diversification, control inflation, raise employment levels, husband fiscal expenditures, control corruption, and implement transparent policies. It argues that in the four countries any lasting settlement must involve an explicitly stated new social contract that lays the foundation for inclusive socio-economic development and a genuinely democratic environment. In addition, a massive transformation is required of the institutional fabric of society, that is, the set of key institutions that helped create the conditions for conflict. Moreover, the book argues that any successful transition hinges on anticipating the potential for political and economic development that an eventual peace agreement will open. This can only be done by envisioning and planning the reforms that ought to be implemented, and building up political support for the transition phase.

    Introduction: On the Causes of Conflict and the Premises for Reconstruction

    Samir Makdisi and Raimundo Soto

    Part I: Post-Conflict Development and Democratic Governance

    1. Economic Agenda for Post-Conflict Reconstruction

    Samir Makdisi and Raimundo Soto

    2. Grievances and Civil Wars: The State of The Literature

    Cristina Bodea and Christian Houle

    3 Power‐sharing and Peace-building

    Nicholas Sambanis

    Part II: Country Studies

    4. Causes, Consequences, and Future Directions of the Syrian Conflict

    Nader Kabbani and Alma Boustati

    5. Conflict, Institutions and the Iraqi Economy, 2003–2020

    Bassam Yousif, Rabeh Morrar, and Omar El-Joumayle

    6. Conflict, Peace-Building, and Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Yemen

    Mahmoud Al Iriani, Hiba Hassan, and Irene Martinez

    7. Investigating the Libyan Conflict and Peace-building Process: Causes and Prospects

    Amal Hamada, Melike Sökmen, and Chahir Zaki

    Concluding Remarks

    Samir Makdisi and Raimundo Soto


    Samir Makdisi is a Professor Emeritus of Economics at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon.

    Raimundo Soto is a Professor of Economics at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.