The Age of the Crusades The Near East from the Eleventh Century to 1517
The kaleidoscopic political changes during the years covered by this volume include the rise and fall of the Crusader states, the expansion of the Mongol empire, the rise of the Mamluk sultanate and of its ultimate conquerors, the Ottomans. To all of these Professor Holt is a clear and skilful guide. He principally utilises, and to some extent reinterprets, the medieval Arabic sources, to present a picture which differs in important respects from the conventional western-orientated view.
20. The Mamluk Sultanate in Decline (1) - the Sons and the Household of Barkuk 1399-1461. 21. the Mamluk Sultanate in Decline (2) - the Later Circassian Mamluk Sultans 1461-1517. Conclusion: Retrospect and Prospect.