This text develops and applies a far-reaching account of the economic value of climate, derived from its amenity value or the benefits which a particular climate provides to the people of that region or country. As climate change moves higher on the economic and political agendas, reliable measures of the benefits and costs of specific climates and changes to them become ever-more critical. Detailed studies of a range of countries including Britain, the US, India and Russia, show that the mobility of the population is crucial. When individuals are able to move, the amenity value of the climate is reflected in land prices and wage rates. Without mobility, amenity values emerge in patterns of purchasing, either to compensate for the disadvantages of the climate or to make best use of it. Indices are generated for the cost of living as a function of climate variables, and optimal climates are identified to determine who wins and who loses from climate change.
'Well-structured, well written, and also very accessible to non-economists.' International Journal of Sustainable Development 'This book offers sobering insights into the value of climate and climate change.' Richard S J Tol, Michael Otto Professor of Sustainability and Global Change, University of Hamburg 'Maddison makes a case for focusing on the measurement of impacts on developing countries and bringing forward programmes for compensation and adaptation, rather than concentrating on emission abatement.' Green Government 'Interesting usage of economic valuation theories to determine the amenity values of climate in different sectors of the economy in different regions of the world… Packed with data and well referenced.' Aslib Book Guide 'The book serves as a reminder of the demands of policy makers for hard data on just what we can expect to happen in a warming world.' Geography
Introduction * The Amenity Value of the Climate of Britain * The Amenity Value of the Climate: The Household Production Function Approach * The Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture in Britain * In Search of Warmer Climates: the Impact of Climate Change on Flows of British Tourists * The Amenity Value of the Climate of Italy * The Effects of Climate on Welfare and Well-being in Russia * A Hedonic Study of the Non-market Impacts of Global Warming in the US * The Amenity Value of the Climate of India: A Household Production Function Approach * Appendix 1: The Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture in Britain * Appendix 2: The Effects of Climate on Welfare and Well-being in Russia * Appendix 3: A Hedonic Study of the Non-market Impacts of Global Warming in the US * References * Index