686 Pages 161 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Angkorian World explores the history of Southeast Asia’s largest ancient state from the first to mid-second millennium CE. Chapters by leading scholars combine evidence from archaeology, texts, and the natural sciences to introduce the Angkorian state, describe its structure, and explain its persistence over more than six centuries.

    Comprehensive and accessible, this book will be an indispensable resource for anyone studying premodern Asia. The volume’s first of six sections provides historical and environmental contexts and discusses data sources and the nature of knowledge production. The next three sections examine the anthropogenic landscapes of Angkor (agrarian, urban, and hydraulic), the state institutions that shaped the Angkorian state, and the economic foundations on which Angkor operated. Part V explores Angkorian ideologies and realities, from religion and nation to identity. The volume’s last part reviews political and aesthetic Angkorian legacies in an effort to explain why the idea of Angkor remains central to its Cambodian descendants. Maps, graphics, and photographs guide readers through the content of each chapter. Chapters in this volume synthesise more than a century of work at Angkor and in the regions it influenced.

    The Angkorian World will satisfy students, researchers, academics, and the knowledgeable layperson who seeks to understand how this great Angkorian Empire arose and functioned in the premodern world.

    The Prologue and Chapters 2, 10, 15, 23, 30 and 32 of this book are freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at http://www.taylorfrancis.com under a Creative Commons (CC-BY-NC-ND) 4.0 license.

    Prologue: An Introduction to the Angkorian World

    Mitch Hendrickson, Miriam T. Stark, Damian Evans with Roland Fletcher


    1 An Environmental History of Angkor: Beginning and End

    Dan Penny &Tegan Hall

    2 Texts and Objects: Exploiting the Literary Sources in Mediaeval Cambodia

    Dominique Soutif and Julia Estève

    3 ‘Invisible Cambodians’: Knowledge Production in the History of Angkorian Archaeology

    Heng Piphal, Seng Sonetra and Nhim Sotheavin

    4 The Mekong Delta Before the Angkorian World

    Miriam T. Stark and Pierre-Yves Manguin

    5 The Early Capitals of  Angkor

    Jean-Baptiste Chevance and Christophe Pottier

    6 Angkor’s Multiple Southeast Asia Overland Connections

    Kenneth. R. Hall

    7 Angkor and China: 9th–15th Centuries

    Miriam T. Stark and Aedeen Cremin


    8 Forests, Palms, and Paddy Fields: The Plant Ecology of Angkor

    Tegan Hall and Dan Penny

    9 Angkor and the Mekong River: Settlement, Resources, Mobility, and Power

    Heng Piphal

    10 Trajectories of Urbanism in the Angkorian World

    Damian Evans, Roland Fletcher, Sarah Klassen, Christophe Pottier and Pelle Wijker

    11 Angkor's Temple Communities and the Logic of Its Urban Landscape

    Scott Hawken and Sarah Klassen

    12 Angkor as a "Cité Hydraulique"?

    Terry Lustig, Jean-Baptiste Chevance and Wayne Johnson


    13 Angkorian Law and Land

    Tess Davis and Eileen Lustig

    14 Warfare and Defensive Architecture in the Angkorian World

    David Brotherson

    15 Āśramas, Shrines, and Royal Power

    Chea Socheat, Julia Estève, Dominique Soutif and Edward Swenson

    16 Education and Medicine at Angkor

    Rethy Chhem, Damian Evans, Chhom Kunthea , Phlong Pisith and Peter D. Sharrock


    17 Angkor’s Economy: Implications of the Transfer of Wealth

    Eileen Lustig, Aedeen Cremin and Terry Lustig

    18 The Temple Economy of Angkor

    Heng Piphal and Sachchidanand Sahai

    19 Angkor’s Agrarian Economy: A Socio-Ecological Mosaic

    Scott Hawken and Cristina Cobo Castillo

    20 From Quarries to Temples: Stone Procurement, Materiality, and Spirituality in the Angkorian World

    Christian Fischer, Federico Carò and Martin Polkinghorne

    21 Crafting With Fire: Stoneware and Iron Pyrotechnologies in the Angkorian World

    Mitch Hendrickson, Ea Darith, Chhay Rachna, Tabata Yukitsugu, Phon Kaseka,

    Stéphanie Leroy, Yuni Sato and Armand Desbat

    22 Food, Craft, and Ritual: Plants From the Angkorian World

    Cristina Cobo Castillo


    23 Gods and Temples: The Nature(s) of Angkorian Religion

    Julia Estève

    24 Bodies of Glory: The Statuary of Angkor

    Paul A. Lavy and Martin Polkinghorne

    25 ‘Of Cattle and Kings’: Bovines in the Angkorian World

    Mitch Hendrickson, Eileen Lustig and Siyonn Sophearith

    26 An Angkor Nation? Identifying the Core of the Khmer Empire

    Ian Lowman, Chhom Kunthea and Mitch Hendrickson

    27 The Angkorian House

    Alison Carter, Miriam T. Stark, Heng Piphal and Chhay Rachna

    28 Vogue at Angkor: Dress, Décor, and Narrative Drama

    Gillian Green

    29 Gender, Status, and Hierarchy in the Age of Angkor

    Trude Jacobsen Gidaszewski


    30 Perspectives on the ‘Collapse’ of Angkor and the Khmer Empire

    Damian Evans, Martin Polkinghorne, Roland Fletcher, David Brotherson, Tegan Hall,

    Sarah Klassen and Pelle Wijker

    31 Uthong and Angkor: Material Legacies in the Chao Phraya Basin, Thailand

    Pipad Krajaejun

    32 Mainland Southeast Asia after Angkor: On the Legacies of Jayavarman VII

    Ashley Thompson

    33 Early Modern Cambodia and Archaeology at Longvek

    Martin Polkinghorne and Yuni Sato

    34 Yama, the God Closest to the Khmers

    Ang Choulean

    35 Inarguably Angkor

    Penny Edwards



    Mitch Hendrickson is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Illinois at Chicago, USA. He worked as an archaeologist in northwest Mexico, the Canadian Plains, and High Arctic before shifting his focus to Cambodia in 2001. His initial research on the development and role of the Angkorian road system enabled him to develop two ongoing projects in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts on the technological transformation that enabled expansions of the Khmer Empire and understanding religious transition at the site of Preah Khan of Kompong Svay.

    Miriam T. Stark is Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies at the University of Hawai’i at Manoa, USA. Her 40-year career includes fieldwork in North America, the Near East, and Southeast Asia; she launched her first field project in Cambodia in 1996. Her Cambodian research, through multiple projects in collaboration with Cambodia’s Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts, focuses on protohistoric to Angkorian period urbanism, early state formation, and political economy.

    Damian Evans is Senior Research Fellow at the École française d’Extrême-Orient in Paris and an Honorary Associate in the Department of History, School of Philosophical and Historical Inquiry at the University of Sydney. He is involved in a diverse array of projects across Southeast Asia encompassing archaeology, heritage, and the earth sciences, and he has initiated and overseen archaeological projects in Cambodia since the late 1990s. His work focuses on using earth observation technologies such as satellite imagery, radar, and lidar to understand the relationship between humans and their environments from the deep past to the present day.