2nd Edition

The Animals Reader The Essential Classic and Contemporary Writings

Edited By Linda Kalof, Amy Fitzgerald Copyright 2021
    586 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    586 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Animals Reader brings together classic and contemporary writings from philosophy, ethics, sociology, cultural studies, anthropology, environmental studies, history, law and science. Providing readers with both an understanding of the multidisciplinary field of animal studies and a clear sense of how the role of animals in human society has been understood and critiqued through time, this second edition has been expanded to reflect key developments in theory and research that have emerged in recent years.

    Forty-two chapters are divided into six parts. Favourite entries from the first edition have been retained, and are joined by sixteen new readings covering topics such as equality, animal rights and citizenship, zoos, death and killing, and embodied communication and empathy.

    The second edition begins with a new prologue by acclaimed wildlife photographer and photojournalist Britta Jaschinski. Updated pedagogical features include a new general introduction by the editors, revised introductions to each part and each reading, as well as new suggestions for further reading at the end of each section.

    As such, The Animals Reader is an invaluable collection for students across the humanities and social sciences, and is also suitable for general readers with an interest in human-animal relations.

    Prologue: reflections on the animal photographs Britta Jaschinski

    Editorial introduction Linda Kalof and Amy Fitzgerald

    Part 1: Animals as philosophical, ethical and political subjects


    1. The history of animals Aristotle

    2. Principles of morals and legislation Jeremy Bentham

    3. Equality for animals? Peter Singer

    4. In defense of slavery Marjorie Spiegel

    5. The nature and importance of rights Tom Regan

    6. Animal thing to animal person Thoughts on time, place, and theories Steven Wise

    7. Frontiers of justice: capabilities and animals Martha Nussbaum

    8. Becoming-animal Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari

    9. The animal that therefore I am (more to follow) Jacques Derrida

    10. From polis to zoopolis: a political theory of animal rights Sue Donaldson and Will Kymlicka

    11. The struggle for compassion and justice through critical animal studies Carol Gigliotti

    Further reading in animals as philosophical, ethical and political systems

    Part 2: Animals as reflexive thinkers


    12. An apology for Raymond Sebond Michel de Montaigne

    13. From the letters of 1646 and 1649 René Descartes

    14. The emotions Charles Darwin

    15. Speaking for dogs Arnold Arluke and Clinton R. Sanders

    16. Wild justice and fair play: cooperation, forgiveness, and morality in animals Marc Bekoff

    17. Grief, sadness, and the bones of elephants Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson and Susan McCarthy

    18. Orangutan cultures and the evolution of material culture Carel P. van Schaik, Marc Ancrenaz, Gwendolyn Borgen, Birute Galdikas, Cheryl D. Knott, Ian Singleton, Akira Suzuki, Sri Suci Utami, and Michelle Merrill

    Further reading in animals as reflexive thinkers

    Part 3: Animals as domesticates, companions and food


    19. The hunter-gatherer prehistory of human-animal interactions Steven Mithen

    20. Animal pets: cruelty and affection Yi-Fu Tuan

    21. The eating of flesh Plutarch

    22. Brave new farm? Jim Mason and Mary Finelli

    23. The sexual politics of meat Carol J. Adams

    24. Nomadic pastoralism, ranching, and violence David Nibert

    25. Theriocide: naming animal killing Piers Beirne

    26. The work of animals: a challenge for social sciences Jocelyne Porcher

    Further reading in animals as domesticates, companions and food

    Part 4: Animals as spectacle and sport


    27. Combats of elephants Pliny the Elder

    28. On being human in the bullfight Garry Marvin

    29. Dogfighting: symbolic expression and validation of masculinity Rhonda Evans, DeAnn Kalich (Gauthier) and Craig J. Forsyth

    30. Hunting and humanity in Western thought Matt Cartmill

    31. Naturalizing zoo animals Irus Braverman

    Further reading in animals as spectacle and sport

    Part 5: Animals as symbols


    32. Why look at animals? John Berger

    33. The totemic illusion Claude Lévi-Strauss

    34. Animals as tradition Boria Sax

    35. Animals and visual culture Randy Malamud

    36. What is the postmodern animal? Steve Baker

    Further reading in animals as symbols

    Part 6: Animals as scientific objects


    37. Observations on the animal kingdom Linnaeus

    38. The Brown Dog Riots of 1907 Coral Lansbury

    39. Into the laboratory Lynda Birke

    40. Biopower and the biotechnological framing of the animal body Richard Twine

    41. Sharing suffering: instrumental relations between laboratory animals and their people Donna J. Haraway

    42. Responding bodies and partial affinities in human-animal worlds Vinciane Despret

    Further reading in animals as scientific objects



    Linda Kalof is Professor of Sociology and Founding Director of the graduate certification in Animal Studies at Michigan State University, USA. Her research focuses on the cultural history of animal iconography. She has published twelve books and edits The Animal Turn book series at MSU Press.

    Amy Fitzgerald is Professor of Criminology in the Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology at the Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research at the University of Windsor, Canada. She has authored several articles and books examining the intersection of harms perpetrated against people, animals and the environment.

    Praise for the First Edition:

    'The Animals Reader is an immensely stimulating collection of essays, which belongs on the bookshelf of every thinking person.' - The Financial Times

    'What is an "animal"? A "human being"? The Animals Reader will help us rethink these urgent questions in the light of scientific, technological, and historical discoveries. Ranging from Aristotle to postmodern philosophers and from orangutans to cyborgs, it presents a wonderful diversity of perspectives on animals and, in consequence, ourselves.' - Boria Sax, author of Crow, Animals in the Third Reich and The Mythical Zoo

    'This is an incredibly well-chosen collection of writings and a valuable reference book.' - Yvette Watt, Animals Today

    'With its succinct introductions, which contextualize chapters historically and within the broader field of human-animal studies, this text provides a comprehensive introduction to key debates in a format that is accessible to undergraduate students.' - Cultural Geographies

    'A great resource for students coming to grips with a complex, multidisciplinary field.' - Mike Michael, University of Exeter, UK

    'Absolutely perfect for the course and an excellent production throughout.' - Stuart R. Harrop, Kingston University London, UK