The Archaeology of Caribbean and Circum-Caribbean Farmers (6000 BC - AD 1500): 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Archaeology of Caribbean and Circum-Caribbean Farmers (6000 BC - AD 1500)

1st Edition

Edited by Basil A Reid

Routledge

454 pages

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Description

Comprising 17 chapters and with a wide geographic reach stretching from the Florida Keys in the north to the Guianas in the south, this volume places a well-needed academic spotlight on what is generally considered an integral topic in Caribbean and circum-Caribbean archaeology.

The book explores a variety of issues, including the introduction and dispersal of early cultivars, plant manipulation, animal domestication, dietary profiles, and landscape modifications. Tried-and-true and novel analytical techniques are used to tease out aspects of the Caribbean and circum-Caribbean database that inform the complex and often-subtle processes of domestication under varying socio-environmental conditions. Contributors discuss their findings within multiple constructs such as neolithisation, social interaction, trade, mobility, social complexity, migration, colonisation, and historical ecology. Multiple data sources are used which include but are not restricted to rock art, cooking pits and pots, stable isotopes, dental calculus and pathologies, starch grains, and proxies for past environmental conditions.

Given its multi-disciplinary approaches, this volume should be of immense value to both researchers and students of Caribbean archaeology, biogeography, ethnobotany, zooarchaeology, historical ecology, agriculture, environmental studies, history, and other related fields.

Table of Contents

List of illustrations

List of contributors

Acknowledgments

Caribbean and circum-Caribbean farmers: an introduction

BASIL A. REID, PETER E. SIEGEL, NICHOLAS P. DUNNING,

CORINNE L. HOFMAN, STEPHEN ROSTAIN,

VICTOR D. THOMPSON, AND SCOTT M. FITZPATRICK

PART I

Caribbean farmers from a regional perspective

1 Comparative perspectives on pre-Columbian farming in the Caribbean as seen through the lens of historical ecology

SCOTT M. FITZPATRICK

2 Humanizing the landscapes of the Lesser Antilles during the Archaic Age

PETER E. SIEGEL, JOHN G. JONES, DEBORAH M. PEARSALL,

NICHOLAS P. DUNNING, PAT FARRELL, NEIL A. DUNCAN,

JASON H. CURTIS, AND SUSHANT K. SINGH

3 The neolithisation of the northeastern Caribbean: mobility and social interaction

CORINNE L. HOFMAN, RENIEL RODRIGUEZ RAMOS AND

JAIME R. PAGAN JIMENEZ

4 Straddling the subsistence divide: the case of Canímar Abajo and contemporaneous sites in Northwestern Cuba

DAVID GRAY SMITH, YADIRA CHINIQUE DE ARMAS,

ROBERTO RODRIGUEZ SUAREZ, WILLIAM M. BUHAY,

IVAN ROKSANDIC MATTHEW C. PEROS, AND MIRJANA ROKSANDIC

Contents

vi Contributors

5 Early horticulturalists of the southern Caribbean

ANDRZEJ T. ANTCZAK, JAY B. HAVISER, MENNO L. P. HOOGLAND,

ARIE BOOMERT, RAYMUNDO A. C. F. DIJKHOFF, HAROLD J. KELLY,

MA. MAGDALENA ANTCZAK, AND CORINNE L. HOFMAN

PART II

Animal domestication

6 Animal management and domestication in the realm of Ceramic Age farming

MICHELLE J. LEFEBVRE AND SUSAN D. DEFRANCE

PART III

Caribbean farmers and rock art

7 Rock art and horticulture in the Caribbean: icons and symbols of humidity

PETER G. ROE, MICHELE H. HAYWARD AND MICHAEL A. CINQUINO

PART IV

Caribbean versus Pacific farmers

8 A comparative study of pre-colonial farming in the Caribbean vis-à-vis the Pacific

BASIL A. REID, FRANK R. THOMAS, AND SCOTT M. FITZPATRICK

PART V

Caribbean farmers (methods and techniques)

9 Some methods for reconstructing the woody resources of Neolithic farmers in the Caribbean

CAROLINE R. CARTWRIGHT

10 Domesticating the island: anthropogenic soils and landform modification as components of subsistence-resource acquisition strategies in Puerto Rico

ISABEL C. RIVERA-COLLAZO AND LARA M. SANCHEZ-MORALES

11 Isotopic challenges and categorical stumbling blocks in Caribbean archaeology: a cautionary tale from Puerto Rico

WILLIAM J. PESTLE AND RENIEL RODRIGUEZ RAMOS

Contributors vii

12 Assessing dietary and subsistence transitions on prehistoric Aruba: preliminary bioarchaeological evidence

HAYLEY L. MICKLEBURGH AND JASON E. LAFFOON

PART VI

Circum-Caribbean farmers

Florida Keys

13 When foragers are managers: social complexity and persistent foraging in the Florida Keys

TRACI ARDREN, VICTOR D. THOMPSON, SCOTT M. FITZPATRICK,

JOSEPH STEVENSON, AND ROGER L. SIERRA

Central America

14 Maize, manioc, mamey, and more: pre-Columbian lowland Maya agriculture

NICHOLAS P. DUNNING, TIMOTHY BEACH, ELIZABETH GRAHAM,

DAVID LENTZ, AND SHERYL LUZZADDER-BEACH

15 Getting to the grain: the domestication of Zea mays in

Mesoamerica and beyond

ROBERT P. KRUGER

South America

16 Pre-Columbian farmers in the Guianas

STEPHEN ROSTAIN

17 From cooking pits to cooking pots: changing modes of food processing during the Late Archaic Age in French Guiana

MARTIJN M. VAN DEN BEL, SEBASTIAAN KNIPPENBERG, AND

JAIME R. PAGAN JIMENEZ

Postscript

PETER BELLWOOD

Glossary

Index

About the Editor

Basil A. Reid (PhD, University of Florida) is Professor of Archaeology in the Department of History at The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago. He is currently the senior representative for Central America and the Caribbean at the World Archaeological Congress. His major research interests are the pre-colonial archaeology of the Caribbean, archaeology and geoinformatics, precolonial Caribbean farmers and Caribbean heritage. He has published in a variety of peer-reviewed journals, and has authored, edited and co-edited several books on a variety of topics relating to Caribbean archaeology. His books include Archaeology and Geoinformatics: Case Studies from the Caribbean (2008), Myths and Realities of Caribbean History (2009), Caribbean Heritage (2012) and Encyclopedia of Caribbean Archaeology (2014). He is a member of the editorial boards of the Journal of the Walter Roth Museum of Anthropology and the Archaeological Society of Jamaica. Reid was the Lead Archaeologist of the Red House Archaeological Excavations in Port of Spain, Trinidad from July 1, 2013 to January 31, 2015. His forthcoming book is entitled: An Archaeological Study of the Red House, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOC003000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Archaeology