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1st Edition

The Athletic Brain





ISBN 9781138542174
Published June 10, 2019 by Routledge
106 Pages

 
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Book Description

Many parts of the athlete’s body are important for performance, such as strong muscles and bones; healthy lungs and heart; and several sensory systems, including the vision, touch, and joint position senses, and the vestibular system for balance. However, the critical element for athletic performance is, "not what you have but how you use it." The organ that decides "how you use it" is the brain. This book explains how the brain allows the athlete to perform.

The book starts with an outline of brain anatomy, which is necessary to understand how the brain functions. The book then outlines many critical aspects of the athlete’s brain, including learning motor skills; decision-making; hand preference; visual perception of speed, distance, and direction; balance; emotions and mood. Finally, the book discusses the adverse influence of brain injuries.

Table of Contents

The Athletic Brain

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter 1: Introduction

Brain Anatomy

Brief Overview

Sensory Cortex and Sensory Association Areas

Motor and Premotor Cortex

Prefrontal Cortex

Subcortical Areas

Cerebellum

Types of Sports

Chapter ll: Movement Action Programming 

The Praxis "How" System

Learning New Athletic Motor Skills

Motor Memory

Practice

Specialization

Precision

Action Sequencing

Action Recognition

Strength

Chapter lll: Action-Intention: "When" Programming

Introduction

Action Initiation

Deficits in Planning and Action Initiation: Executive Dysfunction

Akinesia and Abulia

Hypokinesia

Reward

Reward Network

Reinforcement

Response Inhibition

Motor (Action) Impersistence

Motor Perseveration

Chapter lV: Handedness

Chapter V: Attention

Definition

Neuroanatomy of Attentional Networks

Vigilance

Chapter Vl: Visual Perception

Chapter Vll. Balance

Chapter Vlll: Emotions and Mood

Anger

Depression

Chapter lX: Traumatic Brain Injury

Memory

Executive Functions

Emotions and Mood

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chapter X: Influence of Exercise on Age Related Cognitive Decline and Dementia

References

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Author(s)

Biography

Kenneth M. Heilman, MD, is currently a Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Neurology at the University of Florida and a Staff Neurologist at the Veterans Affairs Hospital in Gainesville, Florida. In addition to being a clinical neurologist and an educator, he performs research on brain functions and diseases. He has written more than 600 journal articles and authored or edited 16 books. He has received many honors including being an Honorary Member of the American Neurological Association and a Fellow of the Academy of Neurology.