1st Edition

The Axis of Evil Iran, Hizballah, and the Palestinian Terror

By Shaul Shay Copyright 2005
    262 Pages
    by Routledge

    270 Pages
    by Routledge

    In the nearly 25 years since the ascent of an Islamic regime, Iran has become one of the most prominent supporters of terror worldwide. Today Iran actively employs terror to achieve its international objectives. The Axis of Evil outlines the operations and goals of Shiite and Iranian terror. As Shaul Shay shows, Iran has done its utmost to conceal its involvement in terror activities and avoids leaving incriminating "fingerprints" that might prompt retaliatory action by victims of this terrorism. In consequence, most of what we know about Iranian terror activity has been gleaned from the capture and trials of Iranian terrorists or terrorists acting on Iran's behalf.

    The Axis of Evil deals extensively with Iran's involvement in terrorist activity against Israel through Hizballah after the Israel Defense Forces' withdrawal from Lebanon (May 2000) and the instigation of the Al-Aksa Intifada (September 2000-2003). It examines Iran's attitude towards the State of Israel since the rise of Knomeini, confirming that Iran sees Israel as a primary source of the world's wrongdoings and the epitome of evil. In turn, Israel has become one of Iran's archenemies. Over the years, Iran has strengthened its ideological links with radical Arab and Palestinian circles. In addition, it actively supports Hizballah, which acts on behalf of Iran from its base in Lebanon and perpetrates terror attacks against Israel and against representatives of Western and Arab countries in Lebanon as well as in the international arena.

    This book is a comprehensive and in-depth study of Shiite and Iranian terror activity. In addition to drawing attention to the significance of Iran's contributions to terror, it provides readers with a better understanding of Iran's activities in light of the global war against terrorism as well as the deployment of American troops along Iran's borders with Afghanistan and Iraq.

    List of tables and Figures
    State-Supported Terror Theoretical Background
    1 The Ideological and Religious Background and the
    Organizational Infrastructure of Terror in Iran
    The Ideological and Religious Background for the
    Use of Terror by Iran Shiite Entities
    Basic Principles of the Shia
    The Main Principles of Khomeinism
    Exporting the Iranian Revolution
    Intelligence and Terror Functions in Iran
    2 Categories of Iranian State Terror
    Iranian Terror against Foreign Targets on Iranian Soil
    Iranian Terror Worldwide
    The Infrastructure of Shiite Terror in Africa
    South America Islamic Terror Activity at the Tri-BorderArea
    Iranian Terror by Proxy
    The Hizballah
    The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
    The General Command (PFLP-GC) (Jibril's Front)
    The Palestinian Islamic Jihad (the Fathi Shkaki Faction)
    3 The Modus Operandi of Iranian/Shiite Terror
    Characteristics of International Terror Activity Perpetrated by Shiite Terror Organizations
    Suicide Attacks
    Attacks against Aviation
    Explosive Devices and Car Bombs
    Kidnapping Hostages
    4 Targets of the Iranian/Shiite Terror
    Hizballah and Iran's Policy following the IDF's
    Withdrawal from Lebanon (May 2000)
    The Hizballah's Strategic Branch
    The Hizballah Espionage and Attempts to Perpetrate
    Attacks Inside Israel
    Iranian Involvement in the Al Aksa Intifada
    Iranian Aid to the Palestinian Authority
    Iranian Aid to the Organization of Munir al Makdakh
    The Santorini Episode
    The Karin A Episode
    The Abu-Hassan Episode
    Western Targets
    Arab Targets
    Iranian Expatriates and Opposition Organizations
    5 Iran and Terror Financing and Policy
    Financing Shiite Terror via Criminal Activity
    Iranian Policy in the Era of Khomeini's Successors
    Iran, September 11 attacks, and the U.S. War against Terror
    Iran and the War in Iraq (2003) (Iraqi Freedom)
    The Shiites in Iraq in the Aftermath of the War
    Syria and Its Involvement in Terror in the Aftermath
    of the War in Iraq
    Summary and Conclusions


    Shaul Shay