This book takes a new look at the impacts of Christianity in the late-nineteenth-century China. Using American Baptist and English Presbyterian examples in Guangdong province, it examines the scale of Chinese conversions, the creation of Christian villages, and the power relations between Christians and non-Christians, and between different Christian denominations. This book is based on a very comprehensive foundation of data. By supplementing the Protestant missionary and Chinese archival materials with fieldwork data that were collected in several Christian villages, this study not only highlights the inner dynamics of Chinese Christianity but also explores a variety of crisis management strategies employed by missionaries, Christian converts, foreign diplomats and Chinese officials in local politics.
1. The World of Chaozhou 2. The Return of Chinese Overseas Christians 3. The Protestant Expansion into the Interior 4. Chinese Church Memberships 5. Rural Church Networks 6. The First Murder of Martyrdom? 7. The Lord of Heaven versus Jesus Christ 8. Protestant Denominational Conflict 9. Customary Dispute and Intra-Village Violence 10. Conclusion