The Bioarchaeology of Disaster
How Catastrophes Change our Skeletons
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The Bioarchaeology of Disaster examines two dozen disasters occurring around the world over the past 2000 years, ranging from natural and environmental disasters to human conflict and warfare, from epidemics to those of social marginalization--all from a bioarchaeological and forensic anthropological perspective.
Each case study provides the social, cultural, historical and ecological context of the disaster and then analyzes evidence of human and related remains in order to better understand the identities of victims, the means, processes, and extent of deaths and injuries. The methods used by specialists to interpret evidence and disagreements among experts are also addressed. It will be helpful in understanding the circumstances of a range of disasters and the multidisciplinary ways in which bioarcheologists employ empirical methods and analytic frameworks to interpret their impacts and consequences.
The book is intended for those in the social and biological sciences, particularly archaeology, forensics, history and ethnography. It will also be of interest to those in medical history and epidemiology, ecological studies, and those involved in disaster response, law enforcement and human rights work.
Table of Contents
Introduction; Part I: Natural catastrophes: earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes and floods1. Eruption of Mount Vesuvius and the destruction of Pompeii, 79 A.D.; 2. Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, 2005; 3. Haitian Earthquake, 2010; Part II: Environmental disasters; 4. Ecocide in Norse Greenland, 15th century; 5. Deforestation of Easter Island, 17th century; Part III: Biological disasters: epidemics and famines; 6. Bubonic plague, the black death of Europe and the Middle East, 1346-1353; 7. Syphilis crosses the Atlantic, 15th century; 8. Jamestown, Virginia, starving time of 1609-10; 9. New England’s vampire panic, 19th century; 10. Irish potato famine, 1845-1852; Part IV: Industrial and occupational hazards and calamities; 11. Soot wart cancer among British chimney sweeps, 18th-19th centuries; 12. Accidents in South Africa’s Kimberley’s Big Hole diamond mine, 1880-90s; Part V: Catastrophes of human conflict: terrorism, genocide, and war; 13. Chanka communal violence in the Andes, 11th-15th centuries; 14. Smallpox in colonial America, 16th-18th centuries; 15. U.S. Civil War amputations and prosthetics, 1861-1865; 16. Killing fields of Cambodia, 1975-1979; 17. Crash of Pan Am 103 in Lockerbie, Scotland, 1988; 18. Rwandan genocide, 1994; Part VI: Calamities and abuse of the socially marginalized: identity, stigma, and persecution; 19. Sati, widow burning in India, 10th – 19th centuries; 20. Eunuchs of China’s Ming Dynasty, 16th-17th centuries; 21. Mutiny of the Batavia, Indian Ocean, 1629; 22. Yakuza of Japan, 17th -21st centuries; 23. Infanticide and abortion in Five Points, New York, 19th century; 24. Kalawao Leper Colony, Hawai’i, 19th-20th centuries; Conclusion
Danielle Shawn Kurin is assistant professor, Department of Anthropology, and director of the Phillip Walker Bioarchaeology Lab at the University of California, Santa Barbara. She received her Ph.D. from Vanderbilt University and her A.B. from Bryn Mawr College. A former Fulbright Fellow, she has received research support from institutions such as the National Science Foundation.