1st Edition

The Bohemian Republic Transnational Literary Networks in the Nineteenth Century

By James Gatheral Copyright 2020
    320 Pages
    by Routledge

    320 Pages
    by Routledge

    In the mid-nineteenth century successive cultural Bohemias were proclaimed in Paris, London, New York, and Melbourne. Focusing on networks and borders as the central modes of analysis, this book charts for the first time Bohemia’s cross-Channel, transatlantic, and trans-Pacific migrations, locating its creative expressions and social practices within a global context of ideas and action. Though the story of Parisian Bohemia has been comprehensively told, much less is known of its Anglophone translations. The Bohemian Republic offers a radical reinterpretation of the phenomenon, as the neglected lives and works of British, Irish, American, and Australian Bohemians are reassessed, the transnational networks of Bohemia are rediscovered, the presence and influence of women in Bohemia is reclaimed, and Bohemia’s relationship with the marketplace is reconsidered. Bohemia emerges as a marginal network which exerted a paradoxically powerful influence on the development of popular culture, in the vanguard of material, social and aesthetic innovations in literature, art, journalism, and theatre. Underpinned by extensive and original archival research, the book repopulates the concept of Bohemianism with layers of the networked voices, expressions, ideas, people, places, and practices that made up its constituent social, imagined, and interpretive communities. The reader is brought closer than ever to the heart of Bohemia, a shadowy world inhabited by the rebels of the mid-nineteenth century.

    Chapter 1 The Bohemian Republic: An Introduction

    • The Bohemian and the Bohémien
    • Timelines
    • New Perspectives on Bohemia
    • Borders, Mobilities, and Networks
    • Scope

    Chapter 2 Paris and the Birth of Bohemia

    • La bohème littéraire et la Petite Presse
    • Scènes de la vie de bohème
    • Communal Living in Bohemia: the Garret, the Atelier, and the Phalanstère
    • Hotel Corneille: "The Great Bohemian Resort"
    • Bohemia and the Life of the Café
    • Madame Busque’s
    • The Bohemian Ball and the Demi-Monde
    • Women in Bohemia: The Grisette
    • Commercial Bohemia
    • At the Café Concert
    • Women in Bohemia: Mimi and Musette
    • The Princess of Bohemia
    • The Street
    • ‘Echo Chambers’: Paris and London
    • Revolution

    Chapter 3 London Bohemia

    • London’s Underground Bohemia
    • Fictions of London Bohemia
    • Bagot’s Youth and the Bohemian ‘Comic Epoch’
    • ‘Philosophers of the Cyder Cellar’: the Comic Epoch Onstage
    • Gavarni in London: Anglicising a Parisian Bohemian
    • Bohemian Slumming in London
    • The Birth of a Bohemia on Fleet Street
    • The Bohemian Symposium: Table Talk and Bohemian Print Culture
    • Anglicising the Bohemienne
    • Therese Desprez and the Foreignness of the Bohemienne
    • Brough and the Bohemian Girl
    • Fast London
    • Camaralzaman and Badoura
    • Anglicising the Grisette and the Bohemienne in Fast London
    • London Bohemia and the Carnival
    • The Women in West End Bohemia
    • Mary Braddon: An Undercover Bohemienne in London
    • Friends of Bohemia and the Politics of Bohemian Clubland
    • The Governing Classes
    • Savages and Tumblers in Clubland: The Idler versus The Train
    • Upper and Lower Bohemia in Bagot’s Youth and Marston Lynch
    • Bohemia Petraea
    • Suffering in Lower Bohemia
    • Lotus-Eating in Upper Bohemia
    • The Limits of Bohemia
    • Forty Thieves and London Bohemia’s Apotheosis: From the Shadows into the Spotlight
    • Seeking the patronage of Anti-Bohemia

    Chapter 4 New York Bohemia

    • Transatlantic Bohemianism: The Lanternites and the "cross of cockney blood"
    • The Bohemian Press
    • The Physiology of New York Boarding-Houses
    • "Slaves of the Lamp"
    • The Oyster Critics
    • The Ornithorhynchus Club
    • The New World and the Infinite Republic
    • Suicide in Bohemia
    • A Bohemian Utopia
    • The Boarding-house: Low Living and High Thinking
    • ‘Free Love’ and Bohemia
    • Young New York: Bohemianism on Broadway
    • Proclaiming New York Bohemia
    • Harper’s ‘Bohemien’
    • ‘At Pfaff’s’
    • The Capital of Bohemia and the Magic Circle
    • The Independent Organ of Bohemia
    • Portraits of Paris and London
    • The New York Leader
    • Bohemiana
    • "Pretty modern literary women"
    • A Bohemian Civil War
    • The Bohemian Brigade
    • Death and Desertion

    Chapter 5 Melbourne Bohemia

    • A City of Gold and a Penal Colony: Bohemian Visions of Australia
    • "You would lead the colony—you would create a better Ireland there—you would become rich …"
    • London’s Bohemian Legacy
    • Colonial Networks and Cultural Transfer
    • Reinventing Fast London
    • Reinventing the West End
    • A Bohemian University Student
    • Brough and Australia’s "Bohemian demi-monde"
    • The Ghosts of Bohemia
    • Colonial Print Culture: "Picturing Home"
    • Writing Home
    • The Melbourne Press: Where "literature takes its proper rank"
    • Arriving at Austin Friars
    • Bohemian Café Culture in Bourke Street
    • The Yorick Club: Native Companions and Savages
    • Upper Bohemia Down Under
    • A Bohemian Reader
    • Marcus Clarke’s Library
    • Lower Bohemia Down Under
    • The Gypsies of the Sea

    Chapter 6 Conclusion


    James Gatheral is a scholar of nineteenth century literature and popular culture. He is currently investigating the world of cultural Bohemia, the nineteenth century’s most notorious subculture.