First published in 1990, this title examines British defence policy from 1688 onwards; the year in which Britain was successfully invaded for the final time, and which marked a generation of warfare that lasted until 1714, during which Britain came to be known as a major European power. David French considers the strategic alliances that formed and changed throughout the period, and tests his hypotheses in light of the varying paradigms of war, and British wartime and peacetime practices. The ways in which the needs of both the army and the navy have been balanced over time are analysed, with particular attention paid to how parliament allotted money and resources to each. Wars under discussion include the American War of Independence (1763-83), and the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. A detailed and critical title, this reissue will be of great value to history students studying Early Modern diplomacy, with a particular emphasis on the strategic development of British warfare and policy, and the place of Britain within the European power structure.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements; Introduction; 1. The Emergence of a Great Power, 1688-1714 2. War for Empire, 1714-63 3. The American War of Independence, 1763-83 4. The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars 5. The Era of the ‘Pax Britannica’, c 1815-80 6. The Rise and Fall of the ‘Blue Water’ Policy 7. Deterrence and Dependence, 1917-42 8. The End of Empire, 1942-82; Conclusion: From Thatcher to the Millennium; Notes; Guide to Further Reading; Index