Borders are critical to the development and survival of modern states, offer security against external threats, and mark public policy and identity difference. At the same time, borders, and borderlands, are places where people, ideas, and economic goods meet and intermingle. The United States-Canada border demonstrates all of the characteristics of modern borders, and epitomises the debates that surround them. This book examines the development of the US-Canada border, provides a detailed analysis of its current operation, and concludes with an evaluation of the border’s future. The central objective is to examine how the border functions in practice, presenting a series of case studies on its operation.
This book will be of interest to scholars of North American integration and border studies, and to policy practitioners, who will be particularly interested in the case studies and what they say about the impact of border reform.
Chapter 1:Introduction 1.1: The Election of Donald Trump 1.2: The Importance of Borders 1.3: Disappearing Borders 1.4: Central Questions and Arguments 1.5: Outline of the Book 1.6: Notes 1.7: Bibliography Chapter 2: The Study of Borders 2.1: Central Definitions and Questions 2.2: The Functions of Borders 2.3: Controlling the Border 2.4: The Consequences of Changes to Borders 2.5: Conclusion 2.6: Notes 2.7: Bibliography Chapter 3: The U.S.-Canada Border Prior to 9/11 3.1: The Formation of North American Borders 3.2: The Functions of the U.S.-Canada Border 3.2.1: Security 3.2.2: Trade and Customs 3.2.3: Immigration 3.3: Control over the U.S.-Canada Border 3.4: Conclusion 3.5: Notes 3.6: Bibliography Chapter 4: The Impact of Terrorism – The U.S. Canada Border in a New World? 4.1: The Border After September 11th: Security and Trade 4.2: The Impact of Border Security 4.2.1: The Economic Costs of Border Security 4.3: Facilitating Trade and the Movement of People 4.4: Beyond the Border 4.5: Political Control over the Border in the Post-September 11th Era 4.6: Conclusion 4.7: Notes 4.8: Bibliography Chapter 5: North American Borders in the Age of Trump 5.1: Assessing Donald Trump 5.2: The Trump Agenda 5.2.1: The Mexican Wall 5.2.2: Trade and the Economy 5.2.3: Immigration 5.3: The Implications of Donald Trump for U.S. Borders 5.4: Will the Agenda be Implemented? 5.5: Conclusion 5.6: Notes 5.7: Bibliography Chapter 6: NAFTA and its Renegotiation 6.1: U.S.-Canada Trade
6.2: The Origins and Consequences of NAFTA 6.3: Donald Trump and NAFTA 6.4: NAFTA 2.0 6.5: Analysis of the NAFTA Renegotiations 6.6: The Border and the Future of NAFTA
6.7: Conclusion 6.8: Notes 6.9: Bibliography Chapter 7: Trade and the Border: The Automotive, Agri-Food and Energy Sectors 7.1: U.S.-Canada Automotive Integration 7.1.1: The Great Lakes Industrial Region 7.1.2: Automotive Integration and the Auto Pact 7.1.3: CUSFTA, NAFTA and Mexico 7.1.4: Auto Trade and the Border 7.1.5: Trump, Auto Trade, and the NAFTA Renegotiations 7.2: Agri-Food: Integration and Regulation 7.2.1: Agri-Food, CUSFTA and NAFTA 7.2.2: Trump, Agri-Food, and the NAFTA Renegotiations 7.2.3: Agri-Food and the Border 7.3: Technology and Trade Flows 7.4: Energy: Interdependency with Environmental Conflict 7.4.1: Petroleum Products 7.4.2: Trade in Electric Power 7.5: Conclusion 7.6: Notes 7.7: Bibliography Chapter 8: Security, Immigration, Identity and the Border 8.1: Security and the U.S.-Canada Border 8.2: Migration and Immigration to the United States and Canada 8.3: Donald Trump, Immigration and Identity Politics 8.3.1: Candidate Trump 8.3.2: President Trump 8.4: The Significance of Donald Trump, Immigration and the Border 8.5: Conclusion 8.6: Notes 8.7: Bibliography Chapter 9: The Past, Present and Future of the U.S.-Canada Border 9.1: A Watershed Moment? 9.2: A Problematic Presidency 9.3: Control of the Border 9.4: The Future of the U.S.-Canada Border 9.4.1: The End of the End of Borders 9.4.2: Future Crossing Prospects 9.5: Concluding Thoughts 9.6: Notes 9.7:Bibliography