Since the 1930s the state has played a primary role in the development process of most Latin American countries, and political systems have had strong corporatist and authoritarian-centralist features. In the last several years, as that role has become increasingly incompatible with neoliberal reforms and the requirements of a transition to democracy, state power has been significantly decentralized, and the state has withdrawn from direct intervention in the economy. This book examines the consequences of the redefinition of the state for processes of democratization and state?civil society relations, looking, for example, at transfers of power to local and regional authorities, the role of NGOs and other interest groups in policymaking, the emergence of new social movements, and privatization and the introduction of market criteria. Several country case studies are also included.
Preface -- The Changing Role of the State in Latin America -- Historical Determinants of the Latin American State -- The Rise and Fall of the Developmental State in Latin America -- Neoliberalism, Democratization, and the Rise of Technocrats -- The State in Retreat in the Economy -- Argentina: The Politics of Economic Liberalization -- The State in Retreat in the Administrative Field -- Centralizing Politics Versus Decentralizing Policies in Mexico -- The Redefinition of State Policies in the Social Arena: The Case of Mexico -- Redefining the State’s Social Policies: The Case of Venezuela -- “Popular Deluge,” the Informal Sector, Political Independents, and the State in Peru -- NGOs, the State, and the Development Process: The Dilemmas of Institutionalization -- Social Movements and Citizenship Rights in Latin America