The Chicano Movement: Perspectives from the Twenty-First Century, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Chicano Movement

Perspectives from the Twenty-First Century, 1st Edition

Edited by Mario T. Garcia


266 pages

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The largest social movement by people of Mexican descent in the U.S. to date, the Chicano Movement of the 1960s and 70s linked civil rights activism with a new, assertive ethnic identity: Chicano Power! Beginning with the farmworkers' struggle led by César Chávez and Dolores Huerta, the Movement expanded to urban areas throughout the Southwest, Midwest and Pacific Northwest, as a generation of self-proclaimed Chicanos fought to empower their communities. Recently, a new generation of historians has produced an explosion of interesting work on the Movement.

The Chicano Movement: Perspectives from the Twenty-First Century collects the various strands of this research into one readable collection, exploring the contours of the Movement while disputing the idea of it being one monolithic group. Bringing the story up through the 1980s, The Chicano Movement introduces students to the impact of the Movement, and enables them to expand their understanding of what it means to be an activist, a Chicano, and an American.


In The Chicano Movement: Perspectives from the 21st Century, Mario García gathers the newest scholarship on this important series of events. What emerges is a broader view of the Chicano movement that allows us to see its limits and reach. This book offers a fresh take on the Chicano movement from young, promising scholars, who will shape our understanding of this phenomenon for years to come. Anyone interested in Latino life and culture in the present, must read this book about the recent past, which challenges us to envision a more emancipatory future.

— Ernesto Chávez, author of ¡Mi Raza Primero! (My People First): Nationalism, Identity, and Insurgency in the Chicano Movement in Los Angeles, 1966-1978

The authors in this volume offer new insights on the impact of Chicano Movement activism on localized struggles. Fresh perspectives on the Movement’s legacy emerge from case studies of Chicano/a advocacy for electoral power and the rights of immigrant women, students, welfare mothers, and laborers in rural and urban settings.

— Christine Marie Sierra, co-editor of Chicana Voices: Intersections of Class, Race, and Gender

This work increases our knowledge of lesser-known but important individuals, organizations and peripheral communities that proved critical to the expansion of the Chicano Movement’s activism. It also introduces us to previously ignored topics in Movement studies. A must-read book for those interested in Chicano civil rights.

— Ignacio M. Garcia, author of Chicanismo: The Forging of a Militant Ethos Among Mexican Americans

Table of Contents


Foreword: The Chicano Movement: Does Anyone Care about What Happened 40 Years Ago?

Jorge Mariscal

Introduction: The Chicano Movement and Chicano Historiography

Mario T. García

Part One: Community Struggles

1. "All I Want is that He Be Punished": Border Patrol Violence, Women’s Voices and Chicano Activism in Early 1970s San Diego

Jimmy Patiño

2. Reinscribing the Voices of La Gente in the Narrative of the Chicano Movement

Lorena V. Márquez

3. "Hoo-ray Gonzales!" Civil Rights Protest and Chicano Politics in Bakersfield, 1965-1974

Oliver Rosales

4. Alicia Escalante, The Chicana Welfare Rights Organization, and the Chicano Movement

Rosie Bermúdez

5. Chicana/o Movement Grassroots Leftists and Radical Electoral Politics in Los Angeles, 1970-1980

José G. Moreno

6. ¡Ya Basta! The Struggle for Justice and Equality: The Chicano Power Movement in Oxnard, California

Luis H. Moreno

Part Two: The Student Movement

7. The Ideological Struggle for Chicana/o Unity and Power: A Short History of California M.E.Ch.A.

Gustavo Licón

8. Understanding the Role of Conflict, Factionalism, and Schism in the Development of the Chicano Student Movement: The Mexican American Student Association and La Vida Nueva at East Los Angeles College

Marisol Moreno

Part Three: Geographic Diversity and the Chicano Movement

9. San Antonio Chicano Organizers (SACO): Labor Activists and El Movimiento

Max Krochmal

10. "We Are a Distinct People": Defending Difference in Schools through the Chicano Movement in Michigan, 1966-1980

Nora Salas

11. Sin Fronteras: An Oral History of a Chicana Activist in Oregon during the Chicano Movement

Norma Cárdenas

Contributor Biographies


About the Editor

Mario T. García is Professor of Chicano Studies and History at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

About the Series

New Directions in American History

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / General
HISTORY / United States / General
HISTORY / United States / 20th Century
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies / Hispanic American Studies