The Church at War: The Military Activities of Bishops, Abbots and Other Clergy in England, c. 900–1200 (e-Book) book cover

The Church at War: The Military Activities of Bishops, Abbots and Other Clergy in England, c. 900–1200

By Daniel M. G. Gerrard

© 2017 – Routledge

320 pages

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The fighting bishop or abbot is a familiar figure to medievalists and much of what is known of the military organization of England in this period is based on ecclesiastical evidence. Unfortunately the fighting cleric has generally been regarded as merely a baron in clerical dress and has consequently fallen into the gap between military and ecclesiastical history. This study addresses three main areas: which clergy engaged in military activity in England, why and when? By what means did they do so? And how did others understand and react to these activities? The book shows that, however vivid such characters as Odo of Bayeux might be in the historical imagination, there was no archetypal militant prelate. There was enormous variation in the character of the clergy that became involved in warfare, their circumstances, the means by which they pursued their military objectives and the way in which they were treated by contemporaries and described by chroniclers. An appreciation of the individual fighting cleric must be both thematically broad and keenly aware of his context. Such individuals cannot therefore be simply slotted into easy categories, even (or perhaps especially) when those categories are informed by contemporary polemic.

The implications of this study for our understanding of clerical identity are considerable, as the easy distinction between clerics acting in a secular or ecclesiastical capacity almost entirely breaks down and the legal structures of the period are shown to be almost as equivocal and idiosyncratic as the literary depictions. The implications for military history are equally striking as organisational structures are shown to be more temporary, fluid and 'political' than had previously been understood.

Table of Contents


Part 1: Occasions and Participants

Chapter 1: Fighting Clergy in Battle and on Campaign

Part 2: Military Power and Practice

Chapter 2: Prelates and their Warriors

Chapter 3: Prelates and their Fortresses

Chapter 4: Spiritual Weapons in Secular Warfare

Chapter 5: Delegated Powers and Marcher Lords

Part 3: Responses

Chapter 6: Canonical Responses

Chapter 7: Political and Judicial Responses

Chapter 8: Narrative Responses


About the Author

Daniel M. G. Gerrard is a tutor in medieval history at Middlebury and Oxford's Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, a lecturer in study skills at Oxford Brookes University, and a contributing editor of the Victoria County History of Wiltshire.

About the Series

Church, Faith and Culture in the Medieval West

Church, Faith and Culture in the Medieval West

The series Church, Faith and Culture in the Medieval West reflects the central concerns necessary for any in-depth study of the medieval Church - greater cultural awareness and interdisciplinarity. Including both monographs and edited collections, this series draws on the most innovative work from established and younger scholars alike, offering a balance of interests, vertically through the period from c.400 to c.1500 or horizontally across Latin Christendom. Topics covered range from cultural history, the monastic life, relations between Church and State to law and ritual, palaeography and textual transmission. All authors, from a wide range of disciplinary backgrounds, share a commitment to innovation, analysis and historical accuracy.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / General
HISTORY / Medieval