1st Edition

The Church at War: The Military Activities of Bishops, Abbots and Other Clergy in England, c. 900-1200

By Daniel Gerrard Copyright 2017
    334 Pages
    by Routledge

    334 Pages
    by Routledge

    The fighting bishop or abbot is a familiar figure to medievalists and much of what is known of the military organization of England in this period is based on ecclesiastical evidence. Unfortunately the fighting cleric has generally been regarded as merely a baron in clerical dress and has consequently fallen into the gap between military and ecclesiastical history. This study addresses three main areas: which clergy engaged in military activity in England, why and when? By what means did they do so? And how did others understand and react to these activities? The book shows that, however vivid such characters as Odo of Bayeux might be in the historical imagination, there was no archetypal militant prelate. There was enormous variation in the character of the clergy that became involved in warfare, their circumstances, the means by which they pursued their military objectives and the way in which they were treated by contemporaries and described by chroniclers. An appreciation of the individual fighting cleric must be both thematically broad and keenly aware of his context. Such individuals cannot therefore be simply slotted into easy categories, even (or perhaps especially) when those categories are informed by contemporary polemic.

    The implications of this study for our understanding of clerical identity are considerable, as the easy distinction between clerics acting in a secular or ecclesiastical capacity almost entirely breaks down and the legal structures of the period are shown to be almost as equivocal and idiosyncratic as the literary depictions. The implications for military history are equally striking as organisational structures are shown to be more temporary, fluid and 'political' than had previously been understood.


    Part 1: Occasions and Participants

    Chapter 1: Fighting Clergy in Battle and on Campaign

    Part 2: Military Power and Practice

    Chapter 2: Prelates and their Warriors

    Chapter 3: Prelates and their Fortresses

    Chapter 4: Spiritual Weapons in Secular Warfare

    Chapter 5: Delegated Powers and Marcher Lords

    Part 3: Responses

    Chapter 6: Canonical Responses

    Chapter 7: Political and Judicial Responses

    Chapter 8: Narrative Responses



    Daniel M. G. Gerrard is Director of Greene's Institute in Oxford. 

    "As a resource to provide a useful framework for further research into the role of warrior clerics, it performs admirably." - Matthew Firth, University of New England