1st Edition

The City in Transgression Human Mobility and Resistance in the 21st Century

By Benedict Anderson Copyright 2020
    242 Pages 43 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    242 Pages 43 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The City in Transgression explores the unacknowledged, neglected, and ill-defined spaces of the built environment and their transition into places of resistance and residence by refugees, asylum seekers, migrants, the homeless, and the disadvantaged.

    The book draws on urban and spatial theory, socio-economic factors, public space, and architecture to offer an intimate look at how urban sites and infrastructure are transformed into spaces for occupation. Anderson proposes that the varied innovations and adaptations of urban spaces enacted by such marginalized figures – for whom there are no other options – herald a radical new spatial programming of cities. The book explores cities and sites such as Mexico City and London, the Mexican/US border, the Calais Jungle, and Palestinian camps in Beirut and utilizes concepts associated with ‘mobility’ – such as anarchy, vagrancy, and transgression – alongside photography, 3D modelling, and 2D imagery. From this constellation of materials and analysis, a radical spatial picture of the city in transgression emerges.

    By focusing on the ‘underside of urbanism’, The City in Transgression reveals the potential for new spatial networks that can cultivate the potential for self-organization so as to counter the existing dominant urban models of capital and property and to confront some of the major issues facing cities amid an age of global human mobility.

    This book is valuable reading for those interested in architectural theory, modern history, human geography and mobility, climate change, urban design, and transformation.



    Chapter 1 Movement

    Civil and
    Migratory Fields


    Chapter 2 Urban Mobility

    Movement to Mobility
    Surface Wearing
    Indifferent Non-selves


    Chapter 3 Indeterminant Occupation
    Determinacy of Experience
    Opportunities in Space
    Discontent with Place

    Chapter 4 Ousted Vagrancy
    Roaming Where

    Loitering How


    Chapter 5 Collective Anarchy

    Off the Wall
    Rogue Sites
    Out of Space

    Chapter 6 City in Transgression

    Instability of Order
    The Radical Turn
    Infrastructure Edges

    Chapter 7 Unbounded Mobility

    Dwelling in Mobility
    Fluid Urbanity
    Fabricating Mobility



    Benedict Anderson is an independent scholar and practices in design, architecture, and public art. He has worked in many different universities, lectured extensively as an invited speaker, and exhibited in major exhibitions around the world. His previous books for Routledge are Buried City, Unearthing Teufelsberg: Berlin and its Geography of Forgetting (2017) and The City in Geography: Renaturing the Built Environment (2019).

    "Although Dr. Anderson sets out to write ‘a succinct account of human mobility and resistance in the 21st century’ (p.1), he has ended up doing much more. Not only has he unveiled a new way of studying cities and mobility, he has also offered much-needed answers on how cities might be reconfigured to better support migrants, their families, and friends. The City in Transgression is a breakthrough in how to study the city and make urban policy for people; not for profit. Here is a welcome transgression against orthodoxy."

    Franklin Obeng-Odoom, Ph.D. Development Studies and Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science, University of Helsinki, Finland