1st Edition

The Climate–Energy–Land Nexus in Indonesia Biofuel, REDD+ and biochar

Edited By Akihisa Mori, Alin Halimatussadiah Copyright 2024
    188 Pages 24 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book extends the framework of the climate-energy-land nexus to elucidate political, economic, social, and institutional factors and causal mechanisms that stringent climate targets bring about, rather than mitigate a disproportional heavy burden on the forest sector in Indonesia.

    Assessing climate, energy, agricultural, forest, and transmigration policies, and REDD+ and biochar solutions through a multidisciplinary approach, ranging from biological, agricultural, technological, economic, and institutional lenses, the book identifies the political-economic and socio-technical regimes that cause the crosssectoral transfer of responsibility for greenhouse gas emissions to palm-oil-based biofuel, imposing an excess burden on the forest sector and accelerating indirect land-use change. It also proposes possible countermeasures for agricultural and forest sectors, reconfirming that technical applications and integrated policymaking should trigger the socioeconomic changes that will make transformative change happen in Indonesia.

    As an analysis of the success, or otherwise, of stringent climate targets, policies, and technological and non-technological measures on the reduction of greenhouse gases, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars in the fields of environment & sustainability, Asian studies, energy, environment and agriculture, forestry, and agriculture & environmental sciences. It will also appeal to practitioners and policymakers tackling net-zero emissions and land and forest governance.

    Part 1: Analytical Framework and Context

     1. From the Climate–energy Conundrum to the Climate–energy–land Nexus

    Akihisa Mori 

    2. Policy Struggles towards Net Zero CO2 Emissions in Indonesia: A Political Economic Perspective

    Akihisa Mori et al.

    Part 2: Oil Palm Plantation, Climate Policy, and Biofuel: Past, Present, and Future

    3. Transmigration and Palm Oil: Exploring Developmental Synergies in Sumatra, Indonesia

    Jane Singer, Andrea Emma Pravitasari and Ernan Rustiadi

    4. Climate Consideration on Bioenergy Policy in Indonesia

    Alin Halimatussadiah et al.

    5. Effect of Carbon Tax on Emission Reduction and Renewable Energy Promotion in Indonesia: A Preliminary Analysis

    Djoni Hartono, Akihisa Mori and Anda Nugroho

    6. REDD+ in Indonesia through the Context of a Sustainable Landscape Approach

    Mochamad Indrawan et al.

    Part 3: Biochar: A Possible Way to Overcome the Climate–Energy–Land Nexus?

    7. Sustainable Production and Utilization of Grass Biomass in Deteriorated Grasslands in Indonesia

    Toshiaki Umezawa et al.

    8. Biochar from Advanced Energy Technologies, Carbon Sequestration, and Carbon Credit

    Satoshi Konishi

    Part 4: Summary and Future Challenges

    9. Cross-sectoral Transfer of Responsibility for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction: Conclusions and Implications

    Akihisa Mori et al.


    Akihisa Mori is an Associate Professor at Kyoto University, Japan, and an Ex-Vice President of the Asian Association of Environmental and Resource Economics. His research focus is sustainability transitions in Asia, and China’s Belt and Road Initiative.

    Alin Halimatussadiah is a Head of the Environmental Economics Research Group, Institute for Economic and Social Research, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia. She has published many topics in environmental economics and policy, particularly on renewable energy, circular economy, climate finance, and green growth.