1st Edition

The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory Encoding and Retrieval

    408 Pages
    by Psychology Press

    408 Pages
    by Psychology Press

    Recent advances in techniques available to memory researchers have led to a rapid expansion in the field of cognitive neuroscience of memory. This book provides accessible coverage of four key areas of recent advance, including research on functional imaging, electrophysiological and lesion studies, and developments from the computational modelling approach.
    The first section reviews functional imaging studies in humans, with particular emphasis on how imaging methods have clarified the cortical areas involved in memory formation and retrieval. The second section describes electrophysiological and lesion research in monkeys, where lesion and disconnection studies are rapidly adding to our knowledge of both information processing and modulatory aspects of memory formation. In the third section, electrophysiological and lesion studies in rats are reviewed allowing for a detailed study of the role of novelty and exploration in memory formation. The final section reviews current research in computational modelling which has allowed the development of new theoretical and experimental approaches to the study of memory encoding and retrieval.
    This volume draws together the current developments in each field, allowing the synthesis of ideas and providing converging evidence from a range of sources. It will be a useful resource for both advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students of psychology, as well as researchers in the field and anyone with an interest in cognitive neuroscience.

    Part One: Human Imaging Studies. M.D. Rugg, R.N.A. Henson, Episodic Memory Retrieval: An (Event-related) Functional Neuroimaging Perspective. D.I. Donaldson, K. Allan, E.L. Wilding, Fractionating Episodic Memory Retrieval Using Event Related Potentials. R.L. Buckner, J.M. Logan, Frontal Contributions to Episodic Memory Encoding in the Young and Elderly. C. Ranganath, R.T. Knight, Prefrontal Cortex and Episodic Memory: Integrating Findings from Neuropsychology and Functional Brain Imaging. Part Two: Non-human Primate Studies. M.G. Baxter, Memory and the Medial Temporal Lobe: Differentiating the Contribution of the Primate Rhinal Cortex. E.C. Warburton, M.W. Brown, A Role for Extraperirhinal Cortices in Recognition Memory? Evidence from Neuronal Recording and Immunohistochemical Imaging Studies. A. Parker, A. Easton, D. Gaffan, Memory Encoding in the Primate Brain: The Role of the Basal Forebrain. A. Easton, A. Parker, D. Gaffan, Memory Encoding and Retrieval: The Nature of the Interactions between the Primate Frontal Lobe and Posterior Cortex. Part Three: Rat Studies. H. Eichenbaum, Brain Mechanisms of Declarative Memory: The Fundamental Role of the Hippocampus as Revealed by Studies on Rodents. T.J. Bussey, J.P. Aggleton, The 'What' and 'Where' of Event Memory: Independence and Interactivity within the Medial Temporal Lobe. H.J. Cassaday, C. Norman, Mediating from Memory to Attention: Necessity of the Accumbens Connection? Part Four: Computer Models of Memory Encoding and Retrieval. L.M. Saksida, J.L. McClelland, Linking Memory and Perception: Hebbian Models of Cognition in Animals and Humans. J. Metcalfe, Charm2: A Multimodular Model of Human Memory. J. Armony, Building Emotional Memories: Insights from a Computational Model of Fear Conditioning. M. Hasselmo, B.P. Wyble, R.C. Cannon, From Spike Frequency to Free Recall: How Neural Circuits Perform Encoding and Retrieval. E.L. Wilding, A. Parker, T.J. Bussey, Conclusion.


    Amanda Parker lectures in psychology at the University of Nottingham where she has established a laboratory which examines the modulation of visual memory.
    Edward L. Wilding lectures in psychology at Cardiff University and runs the cognitive electrophysiology laboratory in which the main focus is on episodic retrieval processing.
    Timothy J. Bussey lectures in psychology at Cambridge University and is currently researching the neural substrates of learning, memory and perception in the temporal lobe region.