1st Edition

The Cold War and National Assertion in Southeast Asia Britain, the United States and Burma, 1948–1962

By Matthew Foley Copyright 2010
    240 Pages
    by Routledge

    232 Pages
    by Routledge

    This book charts British and American approaches to Burma between the country’s independence from the United Kingdom in 1948 and the military coup that ended civilian government in 1962. It analyses the fundamental drivers of Anglo-American policy-making during this crucial period – assumptions, expectations and apprehensions that would, eventually, lead America into the disaster of Vietnam. The book suggests the key to understanding British and American approaches to Southeast Asia is to see them in terms of a search for order and stability in an increasingly chaotic and dangerous world. Such order had previously been provided by the colonial regimes of the European powers. With those regimes gone or going, British and American planners faced a region beset with new uncertainties, led by a set of nationalist politicians driven by very different, and often competing, goals and aspirations.

    A detailed case study of post-colonial transition in Asia in the context of the emerging Cold War, this book focuses on the retraction of European colonial power in Southeast Asia, the concomitant expansion of US engagement in the region and the broad processes underpinning these changes. It draws on unique, previously unpublished British and American archival material relating to the Burmese case and fills an important gap in historical understanding of Western engagement in Southeast Asia.

    1. British policy and the crises of 1948  2. Aid, conflict and the Commonwealth, 1949–1950  3. The decline of British influence, 1950–1954  4. The China crisis and the beginnings of American aid, 1948–1952  5. The Kuomintang crisis and the termination of American aid, 1952–1954  6. Communist intervention and the resumption of American aid, 1955–1958  7. Britain, the United States and the end of civilian government, 1958–1962 


    Matthew Foley received his PhD from the University of Nottingham in 2007.

    "A firmly researched and well-argued study of this important period in independent Burma’s oft-troubled relations with the outside world." - Ian Brown, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, UK, International Affairs, November 2010