Why did the Soviet Union collapse in 1991?
The collapse of the Soviet Union has widely been seen as the result of the arms race and Cold War, and the failure of the Soviet side to keep pace with new technology. This book argues that the disintegration was mainly a result of two interrelated factors: the rise of the Soviet national republics, and the manipulation of the new Russian presidency by Boris Yeltsin in what became a direct power struggle between Yeltsin and the Soviet leader, Gorbachev.
Written in a clear and accessible manner, the book provides:
Also containing a Chronology, Glossary and Who's Who of key figures, The Collapse of the Soviet Union is essential reading for students of twentieth century European history.
PART ONE: BACKGROUND
1. GORBACHEV COMES TO POWER
Social, Environmental, and Nuclear Power Issues
PART TWO: THE YEARS OF PERESTROIKA
2. THE ECONOMY AND FOREIGN POLICY
The Economy, 1985-90
Acceleration and Anti-Alcohol Campaigns
Coal Miners’ Strike
Economic Reform Programmes
The Pavlov Programme
Ideology and Propaganda
Architects of Soviet Foreign Policy
Ending the Cold War
3. THE NATIONAL QUESTION
The Submerged Dilemma
The Baltic States
Georgia, Ukraine, and Belarus
The Plenum on National Policy, September 1989
4. DOMESTIC POLITICS, 1989-MID-AUGUST 1991
The Congress of People’s Deputies and New Presidency
The 28th Party Congress and Aftermath
The Referendum of 17 March 1991
Toward a New Union Treaty
5. THE PUTSCH AND THE COLLAPSE OF THE USSR
The Putsch, 18-21 August 1991
The Failure of the Union Treaty
Yeltsin Consolidates His Power
The Belavezha Agreement
PART THREE: ASSESSMENT
6. WHY DID THE SOVIET UNION COLLAPSE?
PART FOUR: DOCUMENTS
Guide to Further Reading
Each book in the Seminar Studies series provides a concise and reliable introduction to a wide range of complex historical events and debates, covering topics in British, European, US and world history from the early modern period to the present day. Written by acknowledged experts and including supporting material such as extracts from historical documents, chronologies, glossaries, guides to key figures and further reading suggestions, Seminar Studies titles are essential reading for students of history.
Almost half a century after its launch, the series continues to introduce students to the problems involved in explaining the past, giving them the opportunity to grapple with historical documents and encouraging them to reach their own conclusions. To submit proposals for new books in the Seminar Studies series, please contact the series editors:
Clive.Emsley: clive.emsley @ open.ac.uk
Gordon Martel: Gordon.Martel @ unbc.ca