The Collapse of the Soviet Union, 1985-1991: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Collapse of the Soviet Union, 1985-1991

1st Edition

By David R. Marples

Routledge

192 pages

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Paperback: 9780582505995
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Description

Why did the Soviet Union collapse in 1991?

The collapse of the Soviet Union has widely been seen as the result of the arms race and Cold War, and the failure of the Soviet side to keep pace with new technology. This book argues that the disintegration was mainly a result of two interrelated factors: the rise of the Soviet national republics, and the manipulation of the new Russian presidency by Boris Yeltsin in what became a direct power struggle between Yeltsin and the Soviet leader, Gorbachev.

Written in a clear and accessible manner, the book provides:

  • an explanation of how the national question came to dominate Soviet politics by 1990-1
  • analysis of the economic crisis that occurred in the late 1980s
  • a chapter devoted to the year 1991, from the referendum to reform the Soviet Union to the unforeseen dissolution of the country by December
  • a discussion of the personalities of and political confrontation between the two key statesman: Gorbachev and Yeltsin

Also containing a Chronology, Glossary and Who's Who of key figures, The Collapse of the Soviet Union is essential reading for students of twentieth century European history.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

PART ONE: BACKGROUND

1. GORBACHEV COMES TO POWER

Political Overview

Glasnost

Social, Environmental, and Nuclear Power Issues

PART TWO: THE YEARS OF PERESTROIKA

2. THE ECONOMY AND FOREIGN POLICY

The Economy, 1985-90

Acceleration and Anti-Alcohol Campaigns

Coal Miners’ Strike

Economic Reform Programmes

Stagnation

The Pavlov Programme

Foreign Policy

Ideology and Propaganda

Arms Control

Architects of Soviet Foreign Policy

Eastern Europe

Ending the Cold War

3. THE NATIONAL QUESTION

The Submerged Dilemma

Nagorno-Katabakh

The Baltic States

Georgia, Ukraine, and Belarus

The Plenum on National Policy, September 1989

4. DOMESTIC POLITICS, 1989-MID-AUGUST 1991

The Congress of People’s Deputies and New Presidency

The 28th Party Congress and Aftermath

The Referendum of 17 March 1991

Toward a New Union Treaty

5. THE PUTSCH AND THE COLLAPSE OF THE USSR

The Putsch, 18-21 August 1991

Administrative Changes

The Failure of the Union Treaty

Yeltsin Consolidates His Power

The Belavezha Agreement

PART THREE: ASSESSMENT

6. WHY DID THE SOVIET UNION COLLAPSE?

PART FOUR: DOCUMENTS

Chronology

Glossary

Who’s Who

Guide to Further Reading

About the Author

David R. Marples is Professor of History at the University of Alberta.

About the Series

Seminar Studies

Each book in the Seminar Studies series provides a concise and reliable introduction to a wide range of complex historical events and debates, covering topics in British, European and world history from the early modern period to the present day. Written by acknowledged experts and including supporting material such as extracts from historical documents, chronologies, glossaries, guides to key figures and further reading suggestions, Seminar Studies titles are essential reading for students of history.

Almost half a century after its launch, the series continues to introduce students to the problems involved in explaining the past, giving them the opportunity to grapple with historical documents and encouraging them to reach their own conclusions. To submit proposals for new books in the Seminar Studies series, please contact the series editors:

Clive.Emsley: clive.emsley @ open.ac.uk

Gordon Martel: Gordon.Martel @ unbc.ca

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General
HIS010000
HISTORY / Europe / General