1st Edition

The Coloniality of Humanitarian Intervention

By Patrick J. Vernon Copyright 2024
    184 Pages
    by Routledge

    This book scrutinises the practice of humanitarian intervention to explore the extent to which racism and heteronormativity, rooted in colonial understandings of time and space, are enacted through the UK’s responses, failed responses and non-responses to atrocity crimes. Taking humanitarian intervention as its central focus, the book uses queer international relations scholarship to draw the ongoing coloniality of the Western state into stark relief.

    In particular, it highlights the ways in which dominant logics in these debates invoke subject-positions of extreme selfhood or otherness. These are identified as ‘The Brutal Dictator’, ‘The ISIL Terrorist’ and ‘The British Self’, framed as existing at various steps on ‘The Universal Path to Democracy’. In studying these extreme cultural figures of selfhood and/or otherness, the book examines the ways in which racism and heteronormativity work together to dehumanise certain populations under coloniality, and the ways in which this can be resisted. By studying the UK’s response to mass atrocities in Libya, Syria, Iraq and Myanmar between 2011 and 2018, it uncovers the extent to which these debates continue to operate through a colonial script. The book notably studies failed interventions (Syria) and non-interventions (Myanmar) as significant objects of study which, alongside the comments of UK legislators opposing the case for violence, help to expose the ongoing impact of colonial identities in the formulation of contemporary foreign policy. As well as looking at the British case, the book reflects upon changing norms of humanitarian intervention from the 1990s to the present day, including what might be understood as the rise and fall of R2P. The book also makes a distinct contribution to queer international relations scholarship, broadening what Vernon calls ‘the homonormative turn’ with a renewed focus on heteronormativity as a racist and globally-dominant episteme.

    Offering both a theoretically informed analysis of humanitarian intervention and a practical guide for possible strategies to resist future iterations of liberal violence, this book will appeal to scholars, students, policy-makers and NGOs interested in R2P/humanitarian intervention, queer/decolonial/feminist international relations, and British politics.

    1. Introduction

    Sexuality, Gender and the Civilising Mission

    Exploring the British Case

    Mapping the Study of Humanitarian Intervention

     

    2. Queering Humanitarian Intervention as Colonial Violence

    A Brief History of Humanitarian Intervention.

    Shifting Norms of Humanitarian Intervention

    Critical Readings of Humanitarian Intervention

    Queer IR and the Study of Humanitarian Intervention

    The ‘Homonormative Turn’ in Queer IR

    Heteronormativity, Racism and World Politics

    Conclusion

     

    3. The Brutal Dictator: Targeting Families, Forming Evil Alliances

    Graphic and Heteronormative Discourses of Violence

    Discourses of Pathology and Perversion

    The Dictator’s Evil Alliances

    Resisting Self/Other Dichotomies

    Conclusion

     

    4. The ISIL Terrorist: Islamophobia and the Battle for Survival

    ‘The Islamic Terrorist’ versus ‘The West’

    Securitising the Terrorist Threat

    Apportioning Responsibility to ‘The Muslim World’

    Saving Women, Children and Gays

    Resisting the Use of Force and the Category of ‘Terrorist’

    Conclusion

     

    5. The British Self: Colonial Masculinity and the (Non)Use of Force

    British Values and the Fight for Freedom

    Masculinist Logics of IR

    Humanitarian and Diplomatic Aims

    Resisting Depictions of British Benevolence

    Conclusion

     

    6. The Universal Path to Democracy

    Democracy as the Telos of Civilisation

    The ‘Right’ Side of History

    Spatial Representations of Colonial Time

    The British Street versus The Arab Street

    The State of Nature

    Conclusion

     

    7. Conclusion

    Brutal Britannia: The Ongoing Coloniality of the British State

    Cultural Figures of Normality and/or Perversion (Weber, 2016)

    Closing Reflections

    Biography

    Patrick J. Vernon is a Lecturer in Gender and War Studies in the Department of War Studies at King’s College London, UK. Their research studies the role of gendered, sexual and racialised representations in discourses and practices of security. They are particularly interested in the study of political violence from the micro to the global level, having researched topics including online abuse, hostile media representations of minoritised groups, genocide and humanitarian intervention. Patrick has published in journals including Millennium, International Studies Review, International Political Sociology and The British Journal of Politics and International Relations.