The Confederate Experience Reader: Selected Documents and Essays, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Confederate Experience Reader

Selected Documents and Essays, 1st Edition

Edited by John Derrick Fowler

Routledge

540 pages

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Description

The Confederate Experience Reader provides students and professors with the essential materials needed to understand and appreciate the major issues confronting the Southern Republic's brief existence during the American Civil War. This anthology covers the full history of the Confederate experience including the origins of the antebellum South, the rise of southern nationalism, the 1860 election and the subsequent Secession Crisis, the military conflict, and Reconstruction. Drawing from a full range of primary writings that describe the experience of living in the Southern Republic in vivid detail, as well as a careful selection of secondary works by prominent scholars in the field of confederate history, The Confederate Experience Reader allows students to situate the Confederate experience within the larger context of Southern and American history.

Reviews

'An invaluable resource for studying the Civil War…'History Teaching Review

'Balanced and well thought out…'Contemporary Review

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENT:

CHAPTER ONE: DIVERGING CULTURES, COLONIAL PERIOD TO 1846

Documents:

United States Constitution (as related to slavery)

Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

Letter from Thomas Jefferson to John Holms

April 22, 1820

John C. Calhoun Speeches

Exposition and Protest (1828)

Fort Hill Address (1831)

U. S. Senate (1837) and (1850)

Essays:

Edmund S. Morgan

"Slavery and Freedom: The American Paradox" (Journal of American History, 1972)

Don E. Fehrenbacher

The South and Three Sectional Crises (1980)

Chapter one, "The Missouri Controversy and the Sources of Southern Sectionalism"

CHAPTER TWO: SECTIONAL TENSIONS, 1846-1860

Documents:

George Fitzhugh

Cannibals All! or Slaves Without Masters and Sociology

for the South, or the Failure of Free Society

Hinton Rowan Helper

The Impending Crisis of the South

Southern Editorials on Sumner Caning

Dred Scott Decision

Southern Editorials on the Dred Scott Decision

Southern Editorials on John Brown's Raid

Essays:

William L. Barney

The Road to Secession: a New Perspective on the Old South (1972)

Chapter three, "The Radical Effort"

Frank L. Owsley

"The Fundamental Cause of the Civil War: Egocentric

Sectionalism" (Journal of Southern History, 1941)

CHAPTER THREE: THE SECESSION CRISIS

Documents:

Jefferson Davis's Farewell Speech to U.S. Senate

Southern Editorials on Secession

Robert Toombs's Secessionist Speech

Alexander H. Stephens's Unionist Speech

Secession Ordinances

Declarations of Causes of Seceding States

South Carolina's Address to the People of the Slaveholding States

Mary Boykin Chesnut, A Dairy From Dixie

April, 1861

Essays:

James L. Abrahamsom

The Men of Secession and Civil War, 1859-1861 (2000)

Chapter six, "Alexander Stephens, Deep South Secession, and the Failure of Unionism"

Dwight Lowell Dumond

The Secession Movement 1860-1861 (1931)

Chapter ten, "The Secession of the Gulf States"

CHAPTER FOUR: ESTABLISHING THE SOUTHERN REPUBLIC

Documents:

The Constitution of the Confederate States of America

Jefferson Davis's Inaugural Address

Jefferson Davis's Message to the Confederate Congress

Alexander Stephens's Cornerstone Speech

Essays:

George C. Rable

The Confederate Republic: A Revolution Against Politics

(1994)

Chapter four, "Establishing Political Legitimacy"

Charles M. Hubbard

The Burden of Confederate Diplomacy (2000)

Chapter three, "The Burden of Cotton"

CHAPTER FIVE: A WAR FOR LIBERTY AND SLAVERY, MILITARY EVENTS AND ISSUES,

1861-1862

Documents:

Songs:

"Bonnie Blue Flag"

"Georgia, My Georgia"

Letter from David Pierson to William H. Pierson

April 22, 1861

Letter from Reuben Allen Pierson to William H. Pierson

November 12, 1861

Letter from Shephard Pryor to his Wife

February 12, 1862

Letter from William Ross Stilwell to his Wife Molly

September 10, 1862

Letter from William Ross Stilwell to his Wife Molly

September 8, 1862

General John B. Gordon

Reminiscences of the Civil War

Kate Cumming Diary

Essays:

Gary G. Gallagher

The Antietam Campaign (1999)

"The Net Result of the Campaign Was in Our Favor:

Confederate Reaction to the Maryland Campaign"

Richard M. McMurry

Two Great Rebel Armies: An Essay in Confederate Military History (1989)

CHAPTER SIX: THE DAILY LIFE OF JOHNNY REB

Documents:

Carlton McCarthy,

Detailed Minutiae of Soldier Life in the Army of Northern Virginia

Diary of Chaplain Thomas H. Deavenport

Letter of Lieutenant John W. Comer

Reminiscences of Sergeant James L. Cooper

Letter from Benjamin Mobley to his Parents

August 25, 1861

Letter from Madison Kilpatrick to his Wife

October 17, 1864

Reminiscences of Sam R. Watkins

Essays:

Philip Burnham

With My Face to the Enemy: Perspectives on the Civil War

(2001)

"The Andersonvilles of the North"

Gardiner H. Shattuck, Jr.

A Shield and Hiding Place: The Religious Life of the Civil War Armies (1988)

Chapter Five, "The Chariot of Fire: Religion,

Revivalism, and Confederate Failure"

CHAPTER SEVEN: CONFEDERATE WOMEN

Documents:

Letter from Louticia Jackson to Asbury H. Jackson

August 23, 1863

Reminiscences of James M. Loughborough

Letter from Henrietta E. Lee to General Hunter

July 20, 1864

Letter from Eva B. Jones to Mary Jones

June 13, June 17, and July 14, 1865

Dolly Sumner Lunt Burge Diary

January 1864-April 1865, passim

Essays:

Drew Gilpin Faust, Thavolia Glymph, and George C. Rable

"A Woman's War: Southern Women in the Civil War"

In Edward D. C. Campbell, Jr., and Kym S. Rice eds.

A Woman's War: Southern Women, Civil War, and the Confederate Legacy

Jean V. Berlin

"Did Confederate Women Lose the War?"

In Mark Grimsley and Brooks D. Simpson eds.

The Collapse of the Confederacy (2001)

CHAPTER EIGHT: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN EXPERIENCE

Documents:

Melvin Smith Reminiscences

Daniel Heyward Trez evant Reminiscences

Letter from H. S. Beals to Maj. Gen. Butler

December 10, 1863

Letter from John C. Chadwick

October 3, 1863

Letter from James C. Beecher to Brig. Genl. Edward A. Wild

September 13, 1863

Letter from Joseph Howard

January 30, 1865

Essays:

Thavolia Glymph

"'This Species of Property': Female Slave Contrabands in the Civil War"

In Edward D. C. Campbell, Jr., and Kym S. Rice eds.

A Woman's War: Southern Women, Civil War, and the Confederate Legacy (1996)

Randall C. Jimerson

The Private Civil War: Popular Thought During the Sectional Conflict (1994)

Chapter three, "The Test of Slaves' Loyalty"

CHAPTER NINE: DISSENSION AND INTERNAL COLLAPSE ON THE HOMEFRONT

Documents:

Kate Cumming Diary

Letter from William Ross Stilwell to his Wife Molly

August 13, 1863

First Confederate Conscription Law

April 16, 1862

The Twenty Negro Law

Act Regulating Impressments

March 26, 1863

Parthenia Hague

A Blockaded Family

John B. Jones

A Rebel War Clerk's Diary

Essays:

Paul D. Escott

After Secession: Jefferson Davis and the Failure of Confederate Nationalism (1978)

Chapter Seven, "Fighting Against Disintegration"

George C. Rable

The Collapse of the Confederacy (2001)

Chapter, "Despair, Hope, and Delusion: The Collapse of

Confederate Morale Reexamined"

CHAPTER TEN: A STRUGGLE FOR SURVIVAL, MILITARY EVENTS AND ISSUES,

1863-1865

Documents:

Diary of Chaplain Thomas H. Deavenport

Reminiscences of Sam R. Watkins

Kate Cumming Diary

Letter from Robert E. Lee to Governor Zebulon Vance

February, 1865

Governor Zebulon B. Vance Proclamation

Letter from William H. Lee to Jefferson Davis

May 4, 1865

Letter from John J. Cheatham to Hon. L. P. Walker

May 4, 1865

Enrollment of slaves in the Army

March 13, 1865

Farewell Address of Jefferson Davis

Essays:

Reid Mitchell

"The Confederate Soldier and the Crisis of the South"

In Civil War Soldiers: Their Expectations and Their Experiences (1988)

Gary W. Gallagher

"I Have to Make the Best of What I Have"

In Gary W. Gallagher, ed.

The Spotsylvania Campaign (1998)

CHAPTER ELEVEN: WHY DID THE CONFEDERACY FAIL?

Documents:

Robert Garlick Kean Diary

Robert E. Lee's Farewell Address to the Army of Northern Virginia

Kate Cumming Diary

Essays:

James M. McPherson

"American Victory, American Defeat"

In Gabor S. Boritt, ed.

Why the Confederacy Lost (1992)

"Why the South Lost the Civil War"

Ten Historians Analyze Confederate Defeat

Gary W. Gallagher

The Confederate War: How Popular Will, Nationalism, and

Military Strategy Could Not Stave Off Defeat (1997)

CHAPTER TWELVE: RECONSTRUCTING THE SOUTH

Documents:

Constitutional Amendments 13, 14, and 15

Louisiana Black Codes

Testimony of Nathan Bedford Forrest, John Brown, and William

Coleman before Congress

Plessy v. Ferguson Decision

Essays:

William L. Barney

Flawed Victory: A New Perspective on the Civil War

(1975)

James L. Roark

Masters Without Slaves: Southern Planters in the Civil

War and Reconstruction (1977)

Chapter Five, "The Soul is Fled"

CHAPTER THIRTEEN: REMEMBERING THE WAR, THE LOST CAUSE AND CONFEDERATE MEMORIALIZATION

Documents:

Father Abram J. Ryan Poem

"The Conquered Banner"

Alexander H. Stephens

A Constitutional View of the Late War Between the States

(1868-70)

Jefferson Davis

The Rise and Fall of Confederate Government

David Heffner, "Old South, New South Clash on Vanderbilt's Campus"

Scott Jaschik

"Confederates Defeat Vanderbilt"

Scott Jaschik

"Lost Cause at Vanderbilt"

"Lee Statue Vandalized"

"Open Season on General Lee"

Pamela Denney

"Monumental Battle"

Chris Davis

"Deconstruction"

Edward T. Linenthal

"Healing and History: The Dilemmas of Interpretation"

Essays:

Gary W. Gallagher

"Jubal A. Early, the Lost Cause, and Civil War History:

A Persistent Legacy"

In Gary W. Gallagher and Alan T. Nolan, eds.

The Myth of the Lost Cause and Civil War History (2000)

John M. Coski

The Confederate Battle Flag: America's Most Embattled Emblem (2005)

About the Editor

J.D. Fowler is Associate Professor of History at Kennesaw State University, and the author of Mountaineers in Gray: The Story of the Nineteenth Tennessee Volunteer Infantry Regiment, C.S.A.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General
HIS036000
HISTORY / United States / General
HIS036050
HISTORY / United States / Civil War Period (1850-1877)