The celebration of the centenary of the Indian National Congress prompted a scholarly re-examination of that organization in the midst of an active international discussion about the nature of Indian society in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Any group of historians who come together to give fresh consideration to the Congress – its organization, leadership, ideology and support – also join in the wider debate going on in Indian history. This volume, first published in 1991, reflects such an engagement with the full range of contemporary discussion, representing not just scholarship in five different countries but also quite distinct historiographical traditions. It surveys the origins and development of the Congress from its inception to its development up to Independence.
1. Introduction John L. Hill Part 1. Debate on the Congress 2. ‘Westernised Middle Class’, Intellectuals and Society in Late Colonial India Michelguglielmo Torri 3. The Nature of the Rift Within the Indian National Congress, 1893-1910 Robert I. Crane 4. The Strategy of the Indian National Congress Bipan Chandra Part 2. Mobilisation 5. Govindrav Babaji Joshi Goes to Madras: A ‘Diary’ of the Third Indian National Congress N.K. Wagle 6. Muslims and the Congress Organisation in Lucknow, 1885-1905 John L. Hill 7. Town and Country: Economic Linkages and Political Mobilisation in Bihar in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries Peter Robb 8. Congress and the Non-Brahmans in Western India: The Problem of Popular Politics Rosalind O’Hanlon Part 3. Goals, Methods and the Impact of Gandhi 9. The Early Congress, and the Idea of Representative and Self-Governing Institutions on the Colonial Canadian Model Edward C. Moulton 10. Gandhi Comes to the Congress: The Indenture Issue in Indian Politics Karen A. Ray 11. Gandhi and the Hindi Movement: An Aspect of His Search for Truth Peter Brock 12. Tagore, Gandhi and Indian Nationalism David W. Atkinson 13. Congress and the Press: The Case of the National Herald Milton Israel