This book examines trade and trafficking in endangered animal species and how the trade increasingly puts large numbers of nonhuman species at risk. Focusing on illegal trafficking, the book also discusses the harmful aspects of the trade and trafficking which is taking place in concordance with laws and regulations. Drawing on the findings of empirical research from Norway and Colombia, the study discusses how this global, transnational trend is addressed, and features of the trade and the ways in which it is controlled in the two case study locations. It also explores the motives driving the trade, and the consequences in terms of animal abuse and environmental harm. The book discusses whether internationally agreed measures, such as international conventions, actually help prevent the trade. Possible ways to address the harms of wildlife trade are considered, including a total ban. The work draws on a green criminology and eco feminist theoretical framework to provide a broad perspective on concepts such as harm, animal rights, species justice and speciesism.
Table of Contents
1: Introduction to the legal and illegal abduction, theriocide and trafficking of endangered animals; 2: Methodology and ecophilosophical orientation; 3: Animals and animal products trafficked to Norway; 4: Court cases exemplifying the variations of wildlife trade and animal abuse; 5: Trafficking within Norway and from Norway to other countries; 6: The enforcement of CITES in Norway from the perspective of CITES control agencies; 7: The keeping of exotic reptiles in Norway; 8: Summary of the Norwegian case study; 9: Wildlife trafficking in Colombia; 10: The animal victims in Colombia and how they are abused; 11: Responses to wildlife trafficking by the Colombian authorities; 12: How to respond to the harms of wildlife trafficking; 13: Animal victimization in Norway and Colombia; 14: Mirror, mirror on the wall, who’s the wildest of them all?;
Ragnhild Aslaug Sollund is Professor of Criminology at the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law, University of Oslo. Her research is in the field of green criminology, specifically wildlife crimes, and she has published widely on this and related areas.