Memory has taken centre stage in European-level policies after the Cold War, as the Western historical narrative based on the uniqueness of the Holocaust was being challenged by calls for an equal condemnation of Communism and Nazism.
This book retraces the anti-communist mobilisations carried out by Central European representatives in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and in the European Parliament since the early 1990s. Based on archive consultation, interviews and ethnographic observation, it analyses the memory entrepreneurs’ requests for collective remembrance and legal accountability of Communist crimes in European institutions, Pan-European political parties and transnational advocacy networks. The book argues that these newcomers managed to strengthen their positions and impose a totalitarian interpretation of Communism in the European assemblies, which directly shaped the EU’s remembrance policy. However, the rules of the European political game and recurring ideological conflicts with left-wing opponents reduced the legal and judicial implications of this anti-communist grammar at the European level.
This text will be of key interest to scholars and graduate students in memory studies, post-Communist politics and European studies, and more broadly in history, political science and sociology.
Introduction: The Transnational Dimension of Political Struggles over the Communist Past
Part I: Parliamentary Consecration of the Anti-Communist Grammar
1. Anti-Communist Memory Entrepreneurs in the European Assemblies
2. Putting Communism on the Agenda at the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
3. Extending the Anti-Communist Struggle to the European Parliament
Part II: Anti-Communist Mobilisations beyond Transnational Assemblies
4. The Limited Convertibility of Anti-Communist Parliamentary Resolutions
5. Remembrance as a Substitute for Justice: The ‘Europe for Citizens’ Programme
6. Advocating the Cause of the Victims of Communism
European Studies as a field of academic inquiry is often conflated with European Union Studies. The result is that many significant trends, processes, and events pertaining to Europe as a whole are not given adequate critical analysis. The Critical European Studies Series aims at filling this gap. Critical European Studies will have a strong grounding in many fields of research in its effort to introduce critical analyses to the study of Europe and the EU that shall be rooted in a broad spectrum of theoretical perspectives. Approaches based upon historiographical, sociological, linguistic, anthropological, post-colonial, ethnographic, philosophical, post-structuralist, feminist, etc. perspectives are particularly welcome, since these frameworks only receive sporadic attention. Without putting into question the value of specific policy approaches, although individual studies in the series might undertake this task, the Critical European Studies book series attempts to bring together alternative approaches to critical analyses of European politics (including European Union politics), while overcoming disciplinary borders and paradigms. Behind this scholarly enterprise stands an enthusiastic embrace of the project and accomplishments of the European Union, but we perceive the EU and European Union Studies in need to consider many different critical correctives of its political ideas and ideals.
The series is edited by Yannis Stivachtis, Virginia Tech.
József BOROCZ (Rutgers University, USA) Thomas DIEZ (University of Tuebingen, Germany) Annica KRONSELL (Lund University, Sweden) Timothy W. LUKE (Virginia Tech, USA) Ian MANNERS (University of Copenhagen, Denmark) William OUTHWAITE (Newcastle University, UK) Robert PHILLIPSON (Copenhagen Business School, Denmark) Jo SHAW (University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK) Gerard TOAL (Virginia Tech, USA) Nathalie TOCCI (Istituto Affari Internazionali, Rome, Italy) Wilhelm VOSSE (Christian International University, Tokyo, Japan) Mark WEBBER (University of Birmingham, UK) Richard G. WHITMAN (University of Kent, UK) Antje WIENER (University of Hamburg, Germany) Michael WINTLE (University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands) Nikolaos ZAHARIADIS (University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA) Jan ZIELONKA (University of Oxford, UK).