This edited volume is the first detailed exploration of the last phase of the Cold War, taking a critical look at the crisis of détente in Europe in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
The transition from détente to a new phase of harsh confrontation and severe crises is an interesting, indeed crucial, phase of the evolution of the international system. This book makes use of previously unreleased archival materials, moving beyond existing interpretations of this period by challenging the traditional bipolar paradigm that focuses mostly on the role of the superpowers in the transformation of the international system. The essays here emphasize the combination and the interplay of a large number of variables- political, ideological, economic and military - and explore the topic from a truly international perspective. Issues covered include human rights, the Euromissiles, the CSCE (Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe), the Revolution in Military Affairs, economic growth and its consequences.
Introduction Leopoldo Nuti Part 1 The Superpowers and the CSCE 1 Zbigniew Brzenzinski and the Helsinki Final Act Patrick Vaughan 2 Human Rights Movement in the USSR after the Signing of the Helsinki Final Act, and the Reaction of Soviet Authorities Svetlana Savranskaya 3 The Politics of the Lesser Evil: the West, the Polish Crisis, and The CSCE Review Conference In Madrid, 1981-1983 Douglas Selvage Part 2 The Strategic Landscape of the 1980s, East and West 4 The Origins of the 1979 Dual Track Decision - A Survey Leopoldo Nuti 5 From Helsinki to Gorbachev: Belgium and the Euromissiles (1973-1985) Vincent Dujardin 6 The Strategic Defense Initiative: Between Strategy, Diplomacy and U.S. Intelligence Estimates John Prados 7 Reagan’s SDI Announcement and the European Reaction: Diplomacy in the Last Decade of the Cold War Sean Kalic 8 From INF to SDI. How Helsinki Reshaped the Transatlantic Dimension of European Security Marilena Gala 9 Programming Armageddon: Warsaw Pact's War Planning, 1969-1985 Robert Nation 10 The Conceptual Battles of the Central Front: The Air-Land Battle and the Soviet Military-Technical Revolution Dima Adamsky 11 The Soviet Response to the Euromissiles Crisis Beatrice Heuser Part 3 Economic Issues and European Integration 12 Washington's Economic Diplomacy and the Reconstruction of U.S. Leadership Fiorella Favino 13 Europe and the EMS Challenge: Old and New Forms of European Integration in the ‘70s Maria Eleonora Guasconi 14 Economic Diplomacy and East- West Trade during the Era of Détente: Strategy or Obstacle for the West? Werner Lippert 15 The Polish Crisis and its Impact on Romanian Economy in the Early 1980s Petre Opris Part 4 The Battle of Ideas 16 Between East and West: Social Democracy as Alternative to Communism and Capitalism: Willy Brandt’s Strategy as President of the Socialist International Bernd Rother 17 ‘Keeping Détente Alive’ Inner-German Relations Under Helmut Schmidt And Erich Honecker, 1974-1982 Oliver Bange 18 Eurocommunism: An East German Perspective Laura Fasanaro 19 The Puerto Rico Summit of 1976 and the end of Eurocommunism Duccio Basosi and Giovanni Bernardini