Since the economic and financial crisis of 2008, the proportion of unemployed young people has exceeded any other group of unemployed adults. This phenomenon marks the emergence of a laborscape. This concept recognizes that, although youth unemployment is not consistent across the world, it is a coherent problem in the global political economy.
This book examines this crisis of youth unemployment, drawing on international case studies. It is organized around four key dimensions of the crisis: precarity, flexibility, migration, and policy responses. With contributions from leading experts in the field, the chapters offer a dynamic portrait of unemployment and how this is being challenged through new modes of resistance. This book provides cross-national comparisons, both ethnographic and quantitative, to explore the contours of this laborscape on the global, national, and local scales. Throughout these varied case studies is a common narrative from young workers, families, students, volunteers, and activists facing a new and growing problem.
This book will be an imperative resource for students and researchers looking at the sociology of globalization, global political economy, labor markets, and economic geography.
1 Global Laborscapes of Youth Unemployment: Introduction (Tamar Mayer, Sujata Moorti, And Jamie K. McCallum) 2 Youth Unemployment and Unnecessary Intergenerational Conflict (Marcellus Andrews and Robert Prasch) 3 Precarity in Japan: After the "Lost Decade" (Heidi Gottfried) 4 Youth "volunteers," unemployment, and international action in Pakistan’s health sector: "I need money, that’s the only reason I do it" (Svea Closser) 5 Dealing with Joblessness. Young people’s life trajectory through "non-work" activities in Buenos Aires, Argentina (Mariano D. Perelman) 6 Contrasting Discourses Surrounding Gendered Representations of Young Migrants Negotiating for Work on the South African Border (Stanford T. Mahati) 7 The Rise of the J-1 Summer Work Travel Program and its Rhetorical Links US Youth Unemployment (Catherine Bowman) 8 Irish Youth Unemployment and Emigration, 2009-2014 (Eleanor O’Leary and Diane Negra) 9 Youth Unemployment, Neoliberal Reforms, and Emigration in West Africa (Ange Bergson Lendja Ngnemzué and Tamar Mayer)10 Sitting Amid a Pile of Jewels: youth unemployment and waste recycling in China (Carlo Inverardi-Ferri)11 The Youth Wage Subsidy in South Africa: A controversial proposal to respond to mass youth Unemployment (Crispen Chinguno)12 The Right to Work and the Youth Unemployment Crisis in Spain (Ciro Milione)13 Bad Schools, No Jobs, Full Jails: Mass incarceration and a monumental incentive failure (Marcellus Andrews)