This selection of over 200 texts, nearly all appearing for the first time in English translation, provides a close-up look at the crusades against the Hussite heretics of 15th-century Bohemia, from the perspective of the official Church - or at their struggles for religious freedom, from the Hussites' own point of view. It also throws light on the meaning of the crusading movement and on the nature of warfare in the late Middle Ages. There is no single documentary account of the conflict, but the riveting events can be reconstructed from a wide range of contemporary sources: chronicles, sermons, manifestos, songs, bulls, imperial correspondence, military and diplomatic communiqués, liturgy, military ordinances, trade embargos, epic poems, letters from the field, Jewish documents, speeches, synodal proceedings, and documents from popes, bishops, emperors and city councils. These texts reveal the zeal and energy of the crusaders but also their deep disunity, growing frustration and underlying fears - and likewise the heresy, determination and independence of the Hussites. Five times the cross was preached and the vastly superior forces of the official church and the empire marched into Bohemia to suppress the peasant armies. Five times they were humiliated and put to flight.
'… its 209 documents clearly fulfil an urgent need to widen access to primary sources for Hussite Bohemia.' History 'Once again Thomas A. Fudge has given us an important contribution to Hussite studies… Here he presents, for the most part for the first time in English, translations from more than 200 documents illustrating a wide range of elements related to the crusade against Hussite heretics in fifteenth-century Bohemia.' Slavonic and East European Review 'There is no doubt that Fudge has done a great service in providing university teachers with an exceptional tool for presenting an important field of crusade studies to their undergraduate students. At the same time, the collection will serve researchers whose linguistic competence does not stretch to languages such as Polish, Czech or Hebrew, of which there are many, to acquire a taste and gain an insight into the wealth of different sources available for the history of the crusades against the Hussites.' Crusades '… the availability of translations of the Czech material will be widely welcomed… Dr Fudge's efforts to select material adequately covering the period, while using diverse sources, have been successful.' Catholic Historical Review
Contents: Preface; Introduction; From the Council of Constance to war; The first crusade: Prague, 1420; The second crusade: Zatec, 1421; The third crusade: KutnÃ¡ Hora to the SÃ¡zava, 1421-2; The fourth crusade: Tachov, 1427; The fifth crusade: Domazlice, 1431; New tactics: Basel to SiÃ³n, 1432-7; Bibliography; Index.
The crusading movement, which originated in the 11th century and lasted beyond the 16th, bequeathed to its future historians a legacy of sources which are unrivalled in their range and variety. These sources document in fascinating detail the motivations and viewpoints, military efforts and spiritual lives, of the participants in the crusades. They also narrate the internal histories of the states and societies which crusaders established or supported in the many regions where they fought. Some of these sources have been translated in the past but the vast majority have been available only in their original language. The goal of this series is to provide a wide ranging corpus of texts, most of them translated for the first time, which will illuminate the history of the crusades and the crusader-states from every angle, including that of their principal adversaries, the Muslim powers of the Middle East.