First Published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
"The crusades seem to be an exception to the general rule that the victors write the history. Now, nine centuries later, Hillenbrand (Arabic and Islamic studies, University of Edinburgh) provides an account that relies entirely on Islam perspectives and emphasizes the impact of the European invasion of its heartland... the impact of the Crusade on Muslim consciousness until the present." -- Reference and Research Book News
"Hillenbrand's book is a landmark... The Crusades is not narrowly focused on ideological and literary matters. Hillenbrand devotes attention to arms and armor, warfare, and details of material culture in the region. It is appropriate then that the book is heavily illustrated...all drawn from the repertoire of Islamic art and architecture. The concluding survey of the political and psychological aftermath of the Crusades in the Middle East is fascinating." -- London Review of Books