The Death Penalty in Late-Medieval Catalonia : Evidence and Significations book cover
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The Death Penalty in Late-Medieval Catalonia
Evidence and Significations





ISBN 9780367188634
Published September 18, 2019 by Routledge
400 Pages

 
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Book Description

The death penalty was unusual in medieval Europe until the twelfth century. From that moment on, it became a key instrument of rule in European society, and we can study it in the case of Catalonia through its rich and varied unpublished documentation. The death penalty was justified by Roman Law; accepted by Theology and Philosophy for the Common Good; and used by rulers as an instrument for social intimidation. The application of the death penalty followed a regular trial, and the status of the individual dictated the method of execution, reserving the fire for the worst crimes, as the Inquisition applied against the so-called heretics. The executions were public, and the authorities and the people shared the common goal of restoring the will of God which had been broken by the executed person. The death penalty took an important place in the core of the medieval mind: people included executions in the jokes and popular narratives while the gallows filled the landscape fitting the jurisdictional limits and, also, showing rotten corpses to assert that the best way to rule and order the society is by terror.



This book utilises previously unpublished archival sources to present a unique study on the death penalty in late Medieval Europe.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements



List of abbreviations





Chapter One: Introduction



Chapter Two: Precedent times: The Early-Medieval Justice Before Major Crimes



Chapter Three: Sovereignty and merum imperium



Chapter Four: The Symbology of the Gallows: Jurisdiction and Terror



Chapter Five: The Death Penalty in the ‘plenitudo potestatis’



Chapter Six: The Death Penalty in the Non-Royal Jurisdictions



Chapter Seven: The Death Penalty in the Legislation and Municipal Capitality



Chapter Eight: The Death Penalty in Ordinary Justice



Chapter Nine: The Death Sentences



Chapter Ten: The Application of the Death Penalty: The Ceremony of Execution



Chapter Eleven: The Application of the Death Penalty: The Display of the Body



Chapter Twelve: The Application of the Death Penalty: Punishment by Fire



Chapter Thirteen: More Fire: The Inquisition and the Death Penalty



Chapter Fourteen: The Death Penalty and Otherness: Jews and Muslims Before the Death Penalty



Chapter Fifteen: The Death Penalty in the Mind



Chapter Sixteen: The Death Penalty in the Paths to Consolidate Power and Social Cohesion



Chapter Seventeen: The Death Penalty at the End of the Middle Ages in the Tense Catalonia



Chapter Eighteen: Conclusions





Appendix



Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Flocel Sabaté is Professor of Medieval History at the University of Lleida, Spain and Doctor Honoris Causa of the Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Argentina. He is director of the journal Imago Temporis Medium Aevum and president of the Association of the Historians of the Crown of Aragon. He has served as a guest professor in universities and research centres as Concepción, ENS (Lyon), JSPS (Tokyo), Lisboa, Mexico, Paris-1, Poitiers, and Yale.