The Decline of the Western-Centric World and the Emerging New Global Order
The Western liberal democratic world order, which seemingly triumphed following the collapse of communism, is looking increasingly fragile as populists and nationalists take power in the United States, Europe and elsewhere, as the momentum of democratization in developing countries stalls, and as Western liberal establishments fail to deal with economic stagnation, worsening political polarization, social inequality, and migrant crises. At the same time there is a shift of economic power from the West towards Asia. This book explores these critical developments and their consequences for the world order. It considers how far the loss of the West’s power to dominate the world order, together with the relative decline of US power and its abdication of its global leadership role, will lead to more conflict, disorder and chaos; and how far non-Western actors, including China, India and the Muslim world, are capable of establishing visionary policy initiatives which reconfigure the paths and rules of economic integration and globalization, and the mechanisms of global governance. The book also assesses the sustainability of the economic rise of China and other non-Western actors, explores the Western liberal democratic order’s capacity for resilience, and discusses how far the outlook is pessimistic or optimistic.
Table of Contents
Preface by Huang-Hsiung Huang Foreword by Yi-huah Jiang Introduction by Yun-han Chu and Yongnian Zheng Part I. The Crisis of Liberal Democracy in the West and Its Competitors from Asia Chapter 1 John Dunn, "The Principal Vulnerabilities of Western Liberalism" Chapter 2 Wolfgang Streeck, "The Crisis of Democratic Capitalism in the West" Chapter 3 Philippe Schmitter, "Crisis and Mutation in the Institutions of Representation in ‘Real-Existing’ Democracies" Chapter 4 Yongnian Zheng, "The China Model: Internal Pluralism, Meritocracy and Democracy" Chapter 5 Sandeep Shastri, "India’s Development Path: Implications for the Democratic Future of the Developing World" Part II. Can the Post-War Liberal International Order Be Saved? Chapter 6 Thomas Pogge, "Can Liberalism Envision a Widely Acceptable World Order?" Chapter 7 Peter Katzenstein, "Fractures and Resilience of Liberal International Orders" Chapter 8 Barry Buzan, "Will the Liberal International Order Survive? An English School Perspective" Chapter 9 Yun-han Chu, "Reformist, Not Revisionist: China’s Emerging Global Role" Chapter 10 Yong-nian Zheng and Bojian Liu, "Tailored Multilateralism: The Essence of China’s Grand Strategy," Part III. Asia’s Rise and the Emerging Global Order Chapter 11 Kishore Mahbubani, "Can Asia reshape global governance?" Chapter 12 Keiichi Tsunekawa, "Globalism, Nationalism, and Regional Order in Asia: A Japanese Perspective" Chapter 13 Guangwu Wang, "Order between Heritage and Law" Chapter 14 Lawrence Lau, "China’s Economic Rise and Its Challenges and Opportunities to Taiwan" hapter 15 Daniel Bell, "Towards an Asian Regional Order Led by China and India" Part IV. Conclusion Chapter 16 Yves Tiberghien, "Asia's Rise and the Transition to a Post-Western Global Order.
Yun-han Chu is Distinguished Research Fellow at Academia Sinica and Professor of Political Science, National Taiwan University
Yongnian Zheng is Research Professor and former Director of East Asian Institute, National University of Singapore