This groundbreaking study of South Africa provides a unique look at the interplay of demographic, social and economic processes in a society undergoing rapid change as a result of the collapse of apartheid. It uses data from the first post-apartheid census as the basis for analysis of fertility, mortality within the context of HIV/AIDS, migration, education, employment, and household structure. These census data are complemented by large-scale household surveys and data from a partial registration system to study the relationships among various demographic, economic, and social phenomena. For the first time the demographic consequences of both the longer-term impact of apartheid policies and the policies of the new South Africa are examined and compared. This comprehensive reference links the demographic behavior of South Africa's various population groups to social, economic, and political inequalities created by policies of separate and unequal development. Prepared under the auspices of the Population Studies Center at the University of Pennsylvania, it is an essential resource for all scholars and practitioners in the field.
List of Tables and Figures; Series Editor's Foreword; Preface, Pali Lehohla; Introduction, Tukufu Zuberi, Amson Sibanda, and Eric O. Udjo; 1. Population Statistics, Akil K. Khalfani, Tukufu Zuberi, Sulaiman Bah, and Pali Lehohla; 2. Fertility Levels, Differentials and Trends, Eric O. Udjo; 3. Age at First Birth, Amson Sibanda and Tukufu Zuberi; 4. An Examination of Recent Census and Survey Data on Mortality within the Context of HIV/AIDS, Eric O. Udjo; 5. HIV/AIDS in South Africa in the Light of Death Registration Data: In Search of Elusive Estimates, Sulaiman Bah; 6. Parental Survival and Residential Patterns, Amadou Noumbissi, Ayaga A. Bawah, and Tukufu Zuberi; 7. Technical Appraisal of Official South African Life Tables, Sulaiman Bah; 8. Racial Differences in Household Structure, Eliya Zulu and Amson Sibanda; 9. Race and Gender Gaps in Education, Amson Sibanda and Gwendoline Lehloenya; 10. Migration, Gender and Employment, Tukufu Zuberi and Amson Sibanda; 11. Lessons from Demography: Policy Implications, Amson Sibanda, Eric O. Udjo, and Tukufu Zuberi; About the Editors and Contributors